Impact of climate change on radial growth of Siberian spruce and Scots pine in North-western Russia
Lopatin E (1-3), Kolström T (2), Spiecker H (4)
(1) University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, P.O. Box 111, FI-80101, Joensuu (Finland); (2) Mekrijärvi Research Station, University of Joensuu, Yliopistontie 4, FI-82900, Ilomantsi (Finland); (3) Institute of Biology, Komi Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kommunisticheskaya str. 28, 167000, Syktyvkar (Russia); (4) Institute for Forest Growth, University of Freiburg, Tennenbacherstr. 4, D-79085 Freiburg (Germany)
: When adapting forest management practices to a changing environment, it is very important to understand the response of an unmanaged natural forest to climate change. The method used to identify major climatic factors influencing radial growth of Siberian spruce and Scots pine along a latitudinal gradient in north-western Russia is dendroclimatic analysis. A clear increasing long-term trend was identified in air temperature and precipitation. During the last 20 years, all meteorological stations experienced temperature increases, and 40 years ago precipitation began to increase. This is shown by the radial increment of Siberian spruce and Scots pine. Therefore, climate change could partly explain the increased forest productivity. The total variance explained by temperature varied from 22% to 41% and precipitation from 19% to 38%. The significant climatic parameters for radial increment in Komi Republic were identified, and the relation between temperature and precipitation in explained variance changes over time for Siberian spruce.
Keywords: Climate change, Growth trends, Pinus sylvestris L., Picea obovata Ledeb., Dendrochronology
Forest@ 4 (1): 28-41.© by the Italian Society of Silviculture and Forest Ecology.