Could it be that science has
ultimately found a way to breed the perfect prawn? The average industry productivity for farmed prawns is five tonnes
per hectare. The new prawns produced an average of 12.8 tonnes per
hectare in 2009. (See image. Image credit: CSIRO)
A group of scientists from
CSIRO from Australia claimed to have bred an improved Black Tiger prawn. The
prawns have already been recognized by receiving five gold medals at the Sydney
Royal Easter Show, which includes the highest recognition "Champion of
How did they do it?
The CSIRO’s research team
shared that they used DNA technology in breeding the "perfect prawn".
Accordingly, they chose only the best among
the Black Tiger prawn stocks that have been produced naturally and then improve
their features every breeding season.
An impressive yield
Now partnering with Gold Cost
Marine Aquaculture, the CSIRO was able to achieve this year an average of 17.5
tonnes for every hectare, which has doubled compared to the previous average
production. A world record-breaking yield
of 24.2 tonnes per hectare was also reached one time. "The new prawn’s yield
has exceeded all our expectations. The average industry productivity for farmed
prawns is only five tonnes per hectare, so this year’s average yield of 17.5
tonnes per hectare is a major leap forward," said Dr. Nigel Preston,
leader of the CSIRO Food Futures Flagship prawn research project.
Dr. Preston is pleased with
the positive outcome of their project. He said that the great thing about their
breeding program is the potential to be replicated every year and therefore could
revolutionize the local and international prawn farming industry. "These huge yields can be replicated
year after year which means consistent supply of a reliable and high quality
product — all vital factors for the long-term growth and prosperity of the
Australian prawn farming industry," Dr. Preston said.
Nick Moore, the general
manager of Gold Coast Marine Aquaculture, is pleased with their partnership
with CSIRO. "Thanks to outstanding work by the staff here, aided by close
collaboration with our partners at CSIRO, we have just finished a prawn
breeding season that can only be described as staggering," he said.
Mr. Moore assured some of the
best features of their prawns. He said, "… the prawns have no reduction in
the quality or taste and grown in a specially designed, environmentally
sustainable production system. This production system and the new breeds have produced
a perfect prawn with beautifully textured meat, rich colour, robust size and a
~ by Vicki Mozo
Aarticle adapted from a press release from CSIRO
Australia entitled "Is
this the perfect prawn?" (June 28, 2010)