Dictionary > Ancylostomiasis


A disease caused by Ancylostoma hookworm infestation in humans and certain vertebrates
Ancyclostomiasis is a disease caused by hookworm infestation. It is one of the helminthiases because the causative agent involved, which is Ancylostoma, is a helminth. The genus Ancylostoma is comprised of hookworms characterized by pairs of sharp teeth on their buccal cavity that they use to attach to the intestinal wall of the host. These worms are parasitic. They feed on the blood of the host.
The disease is characterized by anaemia, dyspepsia, abdominal swelling, and eosinophilia. Since the site of entry of Ancylostoma is an exposed skin of the host, e.g. the feet, the larvae creeping their way into their host can cause Ancylostoma dermatitis. This is when the larvae bore through the exposed skin and make their way into the lungs to be swallowed into the digestive system and reach the intestines. The part of the skin being penetrating by the larvae may trigger an allergic reaction.
Some of the medically important Ancylostoma species causing ancylostosomiasis are as follows:

  • Ancylostoma duodenale (commonly infests humans)
  • Ancylostoma braziliense (commonly infests cats)
  • Ancylostoma caninum (commonly infests dogs)
  • Ancylostoma ceylanicum
  • Ancylostoma pluridentatum
  • Ancylostoma tubaeforme


  • anchylostomiasis
  • ankylostomiasis
  • Synonym(s):

    • miner’s anaemia
    • tunnel disease
    • brickmaker’s anaemia
    • Egyptian chlorosis

    See also:

  • Ancylostoma
  • hookworm
  • hookworm infection
  • Ancylostoma dermatitis
  • Ancylostoma duodenale
  • Ancylostoma caninum
  • Ancylostoma braziliense
  • anemia
  • helminthiasis

    You will also like...

    Sensory systems
    Sensory Systems

    A sensory system is a part of the nervous system consisting of sensory receptors that receive stimuli from the internal ..

    Wart-like leaf galls on grape leaves
    Plant Cell Defense

    Plants protect themselves by releasing hydrogen peroxide to fight against fungal invasion. Another way is by secreting c..

    Physical growth
    Physical Development in Humans

    This tutorial elaborates on the physical development of humans, particularly from puberty to adulthood. Read this tutori..

    Developmental Biology
    Developmental Biology

    Developmental biology is a biological science that is primarily concerned with how a living thing grows and attains matu..

    Cell Biology
    Cell Biology

    The cell is defined as the fundamental, functional unit of life. Some organisms are comprised of only one cell whereas o..

    Cambial cells
    Plant Tissues

    Plant organs are comprised of tissues working together for a common function. The different types of plant tissues are m..