Dictionary > Ancylostomiasis


A disease caused by Ancylostoma hookworm infestation in humans and certain vertebrates
Ancyclostomiasis is a disease caused by hookworm infestation. It is one of the helminthiases because the causative agent involved, which is Ancylostoma, is a helminth. The genus Ancylostoma is comprised of hookworms characterized by pairs of sharp teeth on their buccal cavity that they use to attach to the intestinal wall of the host. These worms are parasitic. They feed on the blood of the host.
The disease is characterized by anaemia, dyspepsia, abdominal swelling, and eosinophilia. Since the site of entry of Ancylostoma is an exposed skin of the host, e.g. the feet, the larvae creeping their way into their host can cause Ancylostoma dermatitis. This is when the larvae bore through the exposed skin and make their way into the lungs to be swallowed into the digestive system and reach the intestines. The part of the skin being penetrating by the larvae may trigger an allergic reaction.
Some of the medically important Ancylostoma species causing ancylostosomiasis are as follows:

  • Ancylostoma duodenale (commonly infests humans)
  • Ancylostoma braziliense (commonly infests cats)
  • Ancylostoma caninum (commonly infests dogs)
  • Ancylostoma ceylanicum
  • Ancylostoma pluridentatum
  • Ancylostoma tubaeforme


  • anchylostomiasis
  • ankylostomiasis
  • Synonym(s):

    • miner’s anaemia
    • tunnel disease
    • brickmaker’s anaemia
    • Egyptian chlorosis

    See also:

  • Ancylostoma
  • hookworm
  • hookworm infection
  • Ancylostoma dermatitis
  • Ancylostoma duodenale
  • Ancylostoma caninum
  • Ancylostoma braziliense
  • anemia
  • helminthiasis

    You will also like...

    An artist's depiction of the origin of amphibians
    Amphibians & Early Reptiles

    Obtaining air outside an aquatic environment required species to acquire suitable adaptations, and this was the case of ..

    DNA - schematic
    Genetic Mutations

    This tutorial looks at the mutation at the gene level and the harm it may bring. Learn about single nucleotide polymorph..

    The Human Physiology
    The Human Physiology

    Physiology is the study of how living organisms function. Thus, human physiology deals specifically with the physiologic..

    Still Water Animals
    Still Water Animals

    Animals living in aquatic habitats have diversified and evolved through time. They eventually occupy ecological niches a..

    New Zealand Flora & Fauna
    Ecology & Biodiversity: New Zealand Flora & Fauna

    New Zealand is known for its unique biodiversity, caused by its remarkable geography and geologic history. Breaking away..

    Still freshwater and plants
    Still Freshwater & Plants

    Plants in lentic habitats have features not found in terrestrial plants. They acquired these features as they adapt to t..