(Science: drug) a toxic alkaloid extracted from belladonna and other members of thenightshade family, it is typically used to dilate the eye and to stopmuscular spasms.
pharmacologic action: Parasympatholytic. Competitive blockade of acetylcholine at muscarinic receptors. Increases sinus node automaticity and av conduction.
Uses: treat bradycardia, asystole, and av block
Dose: 0.5 – 1.0 mg for bradycardia every 3 – 5 min to a total dose of 0.04 mg/kg. Doses smaller than 0.5 mg can cause a paradoxical bradycardia due to sympathomimetic effects Typically 3 mg is adequate to completely block vagal effects atropine is well absorbed via endotracheal route – administer 1-2 mg diluted in 10 ml sterile water or normal saline.
potential complications: 1. Tachyarrhythmias 2. Exacerbation of myocardial ischemia 3. Low dose may cause paradoxical bradycardia 4. Dry mouth, urinary retention, flushed and hot skin 5. Crosses blood-brain barrier which can cause delirium
Note: The denervated heart will not respond to atropine.