Dictionary > Azadirachta indica

Azadirachta indica

(botany, taxonomy) A species belonging to the taxonomic family Meliaceae, and is popular for its fruits and seeds as the source of neem oil
Azadirachta indica is an angiosperm that belongs to the family Melaiaceae. It is native to India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Maldives, and Sri Lanka.
The species is an evergreen and grows typically to about 15 to meters in height. Some of them can grow up to 40 meters although rare. Its branches are wide and spreading. Its leaves are opposite and pinnate in type. The leaf grows to about 20 to 40 centimeters in length, and consists of about 20 to 31 leaflets of about 3 to 8 cm in length. Its flowers are arranged in inflorescences. Its fruit is a glabrous drupe with a thin exocarp and a fibrous mesocarp. The mesocarp is yellowish white and about 0.3 to 0.5 centimeters in thickness. The endocarp is white and hard and bears often one elongated seed with a brown seed coat.
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Clade: Angiosperms
  • Clade: Eudicots
  • Clade: Rosids
  • Order: Sapindales
  • Family: Meliaceae
  • Genus: Azadirachta
  • Species: A. indica

Other name(s):

  • neem (tree)
  • nimtree
  • Indian lilac

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