Karl von Basedow (1799-1854) was a German physician. Medical terms such as Basedow’s disease (i.e. a disease associated with hyperthyroidism), Basedow’s pseudoparaplegia (i.e. the weakness of thigh muscles in thyrotoxicosis causing the patient to fall suddenly), Jod-Basedow phenomenon (i.e. the induction of thyrotoxicosis in a previously euthyroid individual due to exposure to high iodine level), and Basedow’s goiter (i.e. a colloid goiter that becomes hyperfunctional following the ingestion of excess iodine) were named after him. These symptoms or conditions are now technically known as exophthalmic goiter.
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