Dictionary > Behenic acid

Behenic acid

Definition
noun, plural: behenic acids
A 22-carbon fatty acid, with the formula: C22 H44O2
Supplement
A fatty acid is a long chain of hydrocarbon. If there are no unsaturated linkages but only single bonds between carbon atoms them the fatty acid is a saturated type. This is in contrast to an unsaturated fatty acid that contains at least one double carbon-carbon bond. Behenic acid is a saturated type of fatty acid. It occurs in large amounts in jamba, mustard seed, rapeseed oils, and cerebrosides. As a dietary oil, the behenic acid is found to increase cholesterol in humans.1
Industrially, behenic acid is used mainly in the production of cosmetics, waxes, and plasticizers. It is used in hair conditioners and attributes for the softening of hair. The seeds of Pentaclethra macroloba are used to extract pracaxi oil, which is a natural oil containing high amounts of behemic acid, and is used in making hair conditioners.
IUPAC name:

  • docosanoic acid

Chemical formula:
C22 H44O2
Synonym(s):

  • 1-Docosanoic acid
  • n-Docosanoic acid
  • n-Docosanoate
  • Glycon B-70

See also:

  • saturated fatty acid
  • fatty acid
  • Reference(s):

    1 Caterm, N. .B and Denke, M. A. (2001). Behenic acid is a cholesterol-raising saturated fatty acid in humans. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 73(1): 41-44.


    You will also like...

    Early Earth
    The Origins of Life

    This tutorial digs into the past to investigate the origins of life. The section is split into geological periods in the..

    Body temperature regulation by the hypothalamus
    Temperature Regulation in Animals

    This tutorial elucidates body temperature regulation. Know the details here to learn how the body sets the body temperat..

    Population Growth and Survivorship
    Population Growth and Survivorship

    This lesson looks at population attributes, regulation, and growth. It also covers population genetics, particularly gen..

    Regulation of Biological Systems
    Regulation of Biological Systems

    Regulation of Biological Systems tutorials are focused on the modulation of biological systems from cell to population l..

    Neurology of Illusions
    Neurology of Illusions

    Illusions are the perceptions and sensory data obtained from situations in which human error prevents us from seeing the..

    Young plant growing from the soil.
    Soils

    Nutrients in the soil are essential to the proper growth of a land plant. This tutorial deals with the properties of soi..