Dictionary > Behenic acid

Behenic acid

Definition
noun, plural: behenic acids
A 22-carbon fatty acid, with the formula: C22 H44O2
Supplement
A fatty acid is a long chain of hydrocarbon. If there are no unsaturated linkages but only single bonds between carbon atoms them the fatty acid is a saturated type. This is in contrast to an unsaturated fatty acid that contains at least one double carbon-carbon bond. Behenic acid is a saturated type of fatty acid. It occurs in large amounts in jamba, mustard seed, rapeseed oils, and cerebrosides. As a dietary oil, the behenic acid is found to increase cholesterol in humans.1
Industrially, behenic acid is used mainly in the production of cosmetics, waxes, and plasticizers. It is used in hair conditioners and attributes for the softening of hair. The seeds of Pentaclethra macroloba are used to extract pracaxi oil, which is a natural oil containing high amounts of behemic acid, and is used in making hair conditioners.
IUPAC name:

  • docosanoic acid

Chemical formula:
C22 H44O2
Synonym(s):

  • 1-Docosanoic acid
  • n-Docosanoic acid
  • n-Docosanoate
  • Glycon B-70

See also:

  • saturated fatty acid
  • fatty acid
  • Reference(s):

    1 Caterm, N. .B and Denke, M. A. (2001). Behenic acid is a cholesterol-raising saturated fatty acid in humans. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 73(1): 41-44.


    You will also like...

    Regulation of Biological Systems
    Regulation of Biological Systems

    Regulation of Biological Systems tutorials are focused on the modulation of biological systems from cell to population l..

    Types and Causes of Brain Damage
    Types and Causes of Brain Damage

    This tutorial describes the different types and causes of brain damage. Find out how genetics, physical injury, lack of ..

    Genetics and Evolution
    Genetics and Evolution

    Humans are diploid creatures. This means that for every chromosome in the body, there is another one to match it. Howeve..

    Disturbance on a still water
    Abiotic Factors – Water Conditions

    A still body of water may be disturbed by a variety of factors. One of them is wind. In fact, it is considered as the pr..

    Plant meristem
    Plant Meristems and Growth

    In plants, growth occurs in meristems, which are the site of repeated cell division of unspecialized cells. These cells ..

    Wart-like leaf galls on grape leaves
    Plant Cell Defense

    Plants protect themselves by releasing hydrogen peroxide to fight against fungal invasion. Another way is by secreting c..