Dictionary > Computational neuroscience

Computational neuroscience

Definition
noun
A branch of neuroscience that makes use of computer simulations and theoretical models in an attempt to understand the function of the nervous system
Supplement
Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system and is concerned with the structure, development, function, chemistry, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system. Modern tools and technologies (e.g. molecular biology, electrophysiology, computational methods, etc.) led to the advancement of research on nervous system. As a result, neuroscience is now comprised of various branches.
Computational neuroscience is a branch of neuroscience that focuses on the function of the nervous system through the use of computer simulations and theoretical models. Thus, this field of neuroscience that encompasses computer science, mathematics, and physics. It aims to describe physiological and biological aspects of the neural systems using theoretical models and simulations. Its topics of interests are membrane currents, chemical coupling, network oscillations, columnar and topographic architecture, learning, and memory. Some of the major research works in computational neuroscience include single-neuron modeling, axonal patterning and dendrite formation during development, processing of sensory processing, and synaptic plasticity.
The term computational neuroscience was coined by Eric L. Schwartz, a professor in cognitive and neural systems, during a conference in California in 1985.
Synonym(s):

  • theoretical neuroscience

See also:

  • neuroscience
  • nervous system


    You will also like...

    Thermographic image of face and neck
    Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

    The human body is capable of regulating growth and energy balance through various feedback mechanisms. Get to know the e..

    Chromosome Mutations
    Chromosome Mutations

    Mutations can also influence the phenotype of an organism. This tutorial looks at the effects of chromosomal mutations, ..

    Biological Cell schematic diagram
    Biological Cell Introduction

    It only takes one biological cell to create an organism. A single cell is able to keep itself functional through its 'mi..

    vitamins
    A Balanced Vitamin Diet – Vitamins A – K

    A balanced diet is essential to a healthy organism. Insufficiency or too much of a particular element or compound, such ..

    Human Reproduction
    Human Reproduction

    Humans are capable of only one mode of reproduction, i.e. sexual reproduction. Haploid sex cells (gametes) are produced ..

    Human gastrointestinal tract
    Human Biology – Food and Digestion

    This tutorial recognizes the importance of food as a source of energy that will fuel many biological processes. A good d..