Dictionary > Cranial arteritis

Cranial arteritis

Cranial arteritis –>
giant cell arteritis
(Science: pathology) An inflammatory condition of the temporal artery. It is a serious chronic vascular disease, characterised by inflammation of the walls of the blood vessels (vasculitis).
The age of affected patients is usually over 50 years of age. It most often involves the carotid artery system, and can lead to blindness or stroke.
It can be diagnosed by biopsy of an artery, but there is often a false negative result. Elevation of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate is typical.
treatment is with high dose steroids.
Common symptoms include headaches and tenderness over the temple (temporal artery). Can be associated with polymyalgia rheumatica.
See: polymyalgia rheumatica.
Synonym: cranial arteritis, temporal arteritis


You will also like...

The Human Physiology
The Human Physiology

Physiology is the study of how living organisms function. Thus, human physiology deals specifically with the physiologic..

Cambial cells
Plant Tissues

Plant organs are comprised of tissues working together for a common function. The different types of plant tissues are m..

dinosaurs
The Dinosaurs

Dinosaurs represented a major turn in the evolutionary development of organisms on Earth. The first dinosaurs were presu..

Physical growth
Physical Development in Humans

This tutorial elaborates on the physical development of humans, particularly from puberty to adulthood. Read this tutori..

Photosynthesis and respiration
Plant Metabolism

Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. Plant processes, such as photosynthesis, photop..

Early Earth
The Origins of Life

This tutorial digs into the past to investigate the origins of life. The section is split into geological periods in the..