1. A sum of money to be divided and distributed; the share of a sum divided that falls to each individual; a distribute sum, share, or percentage; applied to the profits as appropriated among shareholders, and to assets as apportioned among creditors; as, the dividend of a bank, a railway corporation, or a bankrupt estate.
2. (Science: mathematics) a number or quantity which is to be divided.
Origin: L. Dividendum thing to be divided, neut. Of the gerundive of dividere: cf. F. Dividende.