Dictionary > Dupuytren’s contracture

Dupuytren’s contracture

A condition in which the tissues under the skin on the palm of the hand thicken and shorten so that the tendons connected to the fingers, most notably the ring finger and little finger, cannot be fully extended and tend to bend towards the palm.
This condition progresses slowly until such time that the palmar aponeurosis has shortened and thickened enough to cause flexion contracture of the fingers into the palm of the hand. The most commonly affected fingers are the ring finger and little finger. The middle finger may be affected in advanced cases, but index finger and thumb are nearly always spared.
Incidence increases after the age of 40. At this age men are affected more often than women but after the age of 80 the occurrences between men and women are nearly the same.
Word origin: named after Baron Guillaume Dupuytren, the surgeon who described an operation to correct the affliction.
Synonym: Morbus Dupuytren, Dupuytren’s disease.

See also: Dupuytren fracture.

You will also like...

green plant cells
Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant cells have plastids essential in photosynthesis. They also have an additional layer called cell wall on their cell..

Sensory systems
Sensory Systems

A sensory system is a part of the nervous system consisting of sensory receptors that receive stimuli from the internal ..

Freshwater Ecology
Freshwater Ecology

Freshwater ecology focuses on the relations of aquatic organisms to their freshwater habitats. There are two forms of co..

A sperm cell fertilizing an ovum
Human Reproduction and Fertilization

For human species to obviate extinction, reproductive mature adults should be producing viable offspring in order to con..

Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems
Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems

There are many environmental factors that arise due to the usage of water in one way or another and for every action tha..

Plant biology
Plant Biology

Plantlife can be studied at a variety of levels, from the molecular, genetic and biochemical level through organelles, c..