Dictionary > Ecology


(1) The science concerned with the interactions of living organisms with each other and with their environment, also called bionomics
(2) The system within the environment as it relates to organisms living in it
Ecology is a branch of biology that deals with the distribution, abundance and interactions of living organisms at the level of communities, populations, and ecosystems, as well as at the global scale. Ecology is a broad science encompassing many fields. As such, ecology has various distinct sub-disciplines. An example is human ecology, which is a branch of sociology that deals with the relations of human beings with their physical and social environment. Other sub-disciplines are as follows:

Some of the topics of interests in ecology are diversity, biomass, distribution, population, and interaction of organisms with other organisms as well as to their environment. People that conduct research studies on ecology are called ecologists.
Word origin: term coined by Ernst Haeckel in 1866, from the Greek oikos meaning “house” and logos meaning “science”

  • ecological science
  • bionomics

See also:

  • Branches of Biology
  • environmental science
  • Related term(s):

    Related form(s):

  • ecological (adjective)

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