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Plant cells have plastids essential in photosynthesis. They also have an additional layer called cell wall on their cell..

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This tutorial looks at the mutation at the gene level and the harm it may bring. Learn about single nucleotide polymorph..

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Certain species are capable of expressing characteristics indicative of the state of the ecosystem they occupy. They are..

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Homeostasis of Organism Water Regulation

Osmoregulation is the regulation of water concentrations in the bloodstream, effectively controlling the amount of water..

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The arthropods were assumed to be the first taxon of species to possess jointed limbs and exoskeleton, exhibit more adva..

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Plant Cell Defense

Plants protect themselves by releasing hydrogen peroxide to fight against fungal invasion. Another way is by secreting c..