Ferns and their relatives are vascular plants, meaning they have xylem and phloem tissues. Because of the presence of vascular tissue, the leaves of ferns and their relatives are better organized than the mosses and liverworts. ..
Seed plants are vascular plants. They differ from the other vascular plants in producing seeds that germinate into a new plant. Two major plant divisions are covered: the angiosperms and the gymnosperms. ..