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Plants protect themselves by releasing hydrogen peroxide to fight against fungal invasion. Another way is by secreting c..
Earth was created around 4.5 billion years ago and life began not long after. Primitive life likely possessed the elemen..
Freshwater ecology focuses on the relations of aquatic organisms to their freshwater habitats. There are two forms of co..
Lotic communities have conditions that are rather harsh for typical plants. Thus, the diversity of plant species in loti..