Lithium carbonate (chemical formula: Li2CO
3) is an inorganic compound that occurs naturally as zabuyelite. It may also be produced artificially for its industrial and medical uses. In medicine, it has been used for treating mood disorders, such as bipolar disorder and manic depression, gout, urinary calculi, rheumatism, and headache. As a treatment for mania, lithium carbonate (and sodium valproate) act on the brain cells by inhibiting protein kinase C activity, which is characteristically pronounced and irregular in mania. Synonyms: dilithium carbonate, carbolith, cibalith-s, duralith, eskalith, lithane, lithizine, lithobid, lithonate, lithotabs priadel, zabuyelite.
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