Dictionary > Monostearin

Monostearin

Definition
noun, plural: monostearins
A monoglyceride (C21H42O4) that chemically is a glyceroester of stearic acid
Supplement
Monoglyceride is a chemical compound comprised of a glycerol and an acyl moiety. Two major types are 1-monoacylglycerol and 2-monoacylglycerol. 1-monoglycerol is a type of monoglyceride wherein the fatty acid is attached to a primary alcohol. 2-monoacyglycerol is one in which the fatty acid is attached to the secondary alcohol.
Monostearin is a monoglyceride that occurs in stereoisomers: 1-glycerol monostearate and 2-glycerol monostearate. It is a chemical compound that is odorless, white in colour, and has a sweet taste.
Monostearin is produced naturally. It is produced by the breakdown of dietary fats through the action of pancreatic lipase.
Monostrearin is synthesized artificially for its use in the food industry. It is commonly used as an emulsifier in foods.1 It is also used as a preservative. Other non-food usage of monostearin is as a resin lubricant and as an ingredient in certain hair-care and cosmetics products.
IUPAC name:

  • 2,3-Dihydroxypropyl octadecanoate

Chemical formula:

  • C15H30O4
  • Synonym(s):

    • glyceryl monostearate
    • glycerin monostearate
    • glycerol monostearate

    See also:

  • monoglyceride
  • Reference(s):

    1 Lauridsen, J. B. (1976). “Food emulsifiers: Surface activity, edibility, manufacture, composition, and application”. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 53 (6): 400–407.


    You will also like...

    Still Water Animals
    Still Water Animals

    Animals living in aquatic habitats have diversified and evolved through time. They eventually occupy ecological niches a..

    Lotic community of algal species
    Lotic Communities & Algae

    Lotic communities have conditions that are rather harsh for typical plants. Thus, the diversity of plant species in loti..

    Biological Cell Defense
    Biological Cell Defense

    Organisms employ different strategies to boost its defenses against antigens. Humans have an immune system to combat pat..

    vitamins
    A Balanced Vitamin Diet – Vitamins A – K

    A balanced diet is essential to a healthy organism. Insufficiency or too much of a particular element or compound, such ..

    "Cronopio dentiacutus", a prehistoric mammal (an illustration)
    Mammalian Ancestors

    Mammals are a diverse group of organisms, where most of them develop their offspring within the uterus of the mother. Ov..

    Lights' Effect on Growth
    Lights’ Effect on Growth

    This tutorial elaborates on the effect of light on plant growth. It describes how different plants require different amo..