Dictionary > Myristic acid

Myristic acid

Definition
noun, plural: myristic acids
A fourteen-carbon fatty acid, with the formula: C14H28O2
Supplement
A fatty acid is a long chain of hydrocarbon. If there are no unsaturated linkages but only single bonds between carbon atoms them the fatty acid is a saturated type. This is in contrast to an unsaturated fatty acid that contains at least one double carbon-carbon bond.
The myristic acid is a saturated fatty acid. It has fourteen carbon molecules in a chain connected by single bonds. It is a medium chain fatty acid. Myristates are salts and esters of myristic acid. This fatty acid derived its name from the nutmeg plant species, Myristica fragrans, where it was first obtained from. Lyon Playfair, a Scottish scientist, was the first to isolate the myristic acid from the nutmeg plant in 1841.1 The myristic acid occurs naturally in palm kernel oil and coconut oil apart from the nutmeg. It is also found in spermaceti. It is extracted for use in the manufacture of soap and cosmetics.
IUPAC name:

  • 1-tetradecanoic acid

Chemical formula:
C14H28O2
See also:

Reference(s):

1 Playfair, L. (2009). “XX. On a new fat acid in the butter of nutmegs”. Philosophical Magazine. Series 3. 18 (115): 102–113.


You will also like...

primitive arthropods
Arthropods

The arthropods were assumed to be the first taxon of species to possess jointed limbs and exoskeleton, exhibit more adva..

human respiratory system
Respiration

The human respiratory system is an efficient system of inspiring and expiring respiratory gases. This tutorial provides ..

Geological Periods
Geological Periods

Geological periods is a study guide that cites the different geological periods on Earth's timeline. Each has a brief ov..

Freshwater aquatic plankton
Freshwater Communities & Plankton

Planktons are microscopic organisms that live suspended in aquatic habitats. There are two groups: the phytoplanktons an..

Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems
Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems

There are many environmental factors that arise due to the usage of water in one way or another and for every action tha..

Plant Water Regulation
Plant Water Regulation

Plants need to regulate water in order to stay upright and structurally stable. Find out the different evolutionary adap..