noun, plural: Neandertals
Hominid that used to live across Europe and Middle East 28,000 years ago.
The name is derived from the place (i.e. the Neander valley in Germany) the fossilized skeletal remains were excavated in 1856. Many fossils from this hominid group have been found since.
The Neandertals are believed to have lived concurrently with the early ancestors of modern human beings. However, their existence was cut short probably due to the extreme conditions they dealt with. Hence, they became extinct while modern human beings persisted to exist, survived and spread.