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Lotic communities have conditions that are rather harsh for typical plants. Thus, the diversity of plant species in loti..

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Digestion and Absorption of Food

The gastrointestinal system breaks down particles of ingested food into molecular forms by enzymes through digestion and..

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Growth and Plant Hormones

Plants, like animals, produce hormones to regulate plant activities, including growth. They need these hormones to respo..

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Osmoregulation is the regulation of water concentrations in the bloodstream, effectively controlling the amount of water..

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A running water environment offers numerous microhabitats for many types of animals. Similar to plants, animals in lotic..