Dictionary > Penicillium

Penicillium

Penicillium
A genus of fungi (class ascomycetes, order Aspergillales), species of which yield various antibiotic substances and biologicals; e.g., citrinum yields citrinin; penicillium claviforme, penicillium expansum, and penicillium patulum yield patulin; penicillium chrysogenum yields penicillin; penicillium griseofulvum yields griseofulvin; penicillium notatum yields penicillin and notatin; penicillium cyclopium and penicillium puberulum yield penicillic acid; penicillium purpurogenum and penicillium rubrum yield rubratoxin. Penicillium marneffei is a true pathogen in Southeast asia and in the bamboo rats.
Origin: see penicillus


You will also like...

Plant Water Regulation
Plant Water Regulation

Plants need to regulate water in order to stay upright and structurally stable. Find out the different evolutionary adap..

river
Running Water Freshwater Communities

This tutorial introduces flowing water communities, which bring new and dithering factors into the equation for possible..

Human perception in action
Human Perception – Neurology

This tutorial investigates perception as two people can interpret the same thing differently. Know more about human perc..

Regulation of Biological Systems
Regulation of Biological Systems

Regulation of Biological Systems tutorials are focused on the modulation of biological systems from cell to population l..

bryophyte - sporophyte and gametophyte
Meiosis and Alternation of Generations

Plants are characterized by having alternation of generations in their life cycles. This tutorial is a review of plant m..

Chemical effects on plant growth and development
Effect of Chemicals on Growth & Development in Organisms

Plants and animals need elements, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium for proper growth and developme..