Dictionary > Penicillium

Penicillium

Penicillium
A genus of fungi (class ascomycetes, order Aspergillales), species of which yield various antibiotic substances and biologicals; e.g., citrinum yields citrinin; penicillium claviforme, penicillium expansum, and penicillium patulum yield patulin; penicillium chrysogenum yields penicillin; penicillium griseofulvum yields griseofulvin; penicillium notatum yields penicillin and notatin; penicillium cyclopium and penicillium puberulum yield penicillic acid; penicillium purpurogenum and penicillium rubrum yield rubratoxin. Penicillium marneffei is a true pathogen in Southeast asia and in the bamboo rats.
Origin: see penicillus


You will also like...

Electromagnetic spectrum of a brain
Sleep and Dreams – Neurology

While learning and intelligence are associated with the functions of a conscious mind, sleep and dreams are activities o..

genes controlling growth and development
Control of Growth & Development

Control of Growth & Development tutorials look at how the genetic makeup determines the biological processes on a da..

Chemical composition of the body
Chemical Composition of the Body

The body is comprised of different elements with hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen as the major four. This tutorial..

An artistic depiction of Dunkleosteus fish
Fish

The sea was teeming with life. Eventually, through reproduction and continued variation, fish came about. There are over..

Oligodendrocyte and Schwann cell
The Central Nervous System

Myelin sheath is essential for a faster conductivity of signals. Know more about this feature of some neurons in the Cen..

Adaptive Radiation
Adaptive Radiation

The diversification of several new species from a recent ancestral source, each adapted to utilize or occupy a vacant ad..