Purpura fulminans is a severe and acute form of purpura haemorrhagica. It can be fatal as the blood coagulates in small blood vessels within the skin and quickly leads to skin necrosis. Common symptom is skin discoloration, such as a bruise or a blood spot. It occurs especially in children with hypotension, fever, and disseminated intravascular coagulation, usually after an infectious illness.
- Chalmers, E., Cooper, P., Forman, K., Grimley, C., Khair, K., Minford, A., Morgan, M., & Mumford, A. D. (2011). “Purpura fulminans: recognition, diagnosis and management”. Arch Dis Child. 96 (11): 1066–1071.
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