1. Having an abundance of material possessions; possessed of a large amount of property; well supplied with land, goods, or money; wealthy; opulent; affluent; opposed to poor. Rich merchants. The rich person hath many friends. (Prov. Xiv. 20) As a thief, bent to unhoard the cash Of some rich burgher. (milton)
2. Hence, in general, well supplied; abounding; abundant; copious; bountiful; as, a rich treasury; a rich entertainment; a rich crop. If life be short, it shall be glorious; Each minute shall be rich in some great action. (Rowe) The gorgeous East with richest hand Showers on her kings barbaric pearl and gold. (milton)
3. Yielding large returns; productive or fertile; fruitful; as, rich soil or land; a rich mine.
4. Composed of valuable or costly materials or ingredients; procured at great outlay; highly valued; precious; sumptuous; costly; as, a rich dress; rich silk or fur; rich presents. Like to rich and various gems. (milton)
5. Abounding in agreeable or nutritive qualities; especially applied to articles of food or drink which are high-seasoned or abound in oleaginous ingredients, or are sweet, luscious, and high-flavored; as, a rich dish; rich cream or soup; rich pastry; rich wine or fruit. Sauces and rich spices are fetched from india. (
6. Not faint or delicate; vivid; as, a rich colour.
7. Full of sweet and harmonius sounds; as, a rich voice; rich music.
8. Abounding in beauty; gorgeous; as, a rich landscape; rich scenery.
9. Abounding in humor; exciting amusement; entertaining; as, the scene was a rich one; a rich incident or character.
Rich is sometimes used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, rich-fleeced, rich-jeweled, rich-laden, rich-stained.
Synonym: Wealthy, affluent, opulent, ample, copious, abundant, plentiful, fruitful, costly, sumptuous, precious, generous, luscious.
Origin: OE. Riche, AS. Rice rich, powerful; akin to OS. Riki, D. Rijk, G. Reich, OHG. Rihhi, Icel. Rikr, Sw. Rik, Dan. Rig, Goth. Reiks; from a word meaning, ruler, king, probably borrowed from Celtic, and akin to L. Rex, regis, king, regere to guide, rule. See Right, and cf. Derrick, Enrich, Rajah, Riches, Royal.