Dictionary > Shoulder

Shoulder

shoulder
1. (Science: anatomy) The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with the shoulder girdle; the projection formed by the bones and muscles about that joint.
2. The flesh and muscles connected with the shoulder joint; the upper part of the back; that part of the human frame on which it is most easy to carry a heavy burden; often used in the plural. Then by main force pulled up, and on his shoulders bore The gates of Azza. (milton) Adown her shoulders fell her length of hair. (Dryden)
3. That which supports or sustains; support. In thy shoulder do I build my seat. (Shak)
4. That which resembles a human shoulder, as any protuberance or projection from the body of a thing. The north western shoulder of the mountain. (Sir W. Scott)
5. The upper joint of the fore leg and adjacent parts of an animal, dressed for market; as, a shoulder of mutton.
6. The angle of a bastion included between the face and flank.
7. An abrupt projection which forms an abutment on an object, or limits motion, etc, as the projection around a tenon at the end of a piece of timber, the part of the top of a type which projects beyond the base of the raised character, etc. Shoulder belt, a belt that passes across the shoulder.
(Science: anatomy) Shoulder blade, a narrow strap worn on the shoulder of a commissioned officer, indicating, by a suitable device, the rank he holds in the service.
Origin: OE. Shulder, shuldre, schutder, AS. Sculdor; akin to D. Schoulder, G. Schulter, OHG. Scultarra, Dan. Skulder, Sw. Skuldra.


You will also like...

Cell structure
Cell Structure

A typical eukaryotic cell is comprised of cytoplasm with different organelles, such as nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, G..

Neural Control Mechanisms
Neural Control Mechanisms

Neurons generate electric signals that they pass along to the other neurons or target tissues. In this tutorial, you wil..

Salmon jumping upstream in the river
Lotic Communities & Animals

A running water environment offers numerous microhabitats for many types of animals. Similar to plants, animals in lotic..

Genetics and Evolution
Genetics and Evolution

Humans are diploid creatures. This means that for every chromosome in the body, there is another one to match it. Howeve..

Principles of Hormonal Control Systems
Principles of Hormonal Control Systems

Hormones are essential in the regulation of the activity of the various biological systems of the human body. The ineffi..

Carbohydrates, fats and proteins - dietary sources
A Balanced Diet – Carbohydrates and Fat

Apart from vitamins, the human body also requires high energy sources such as carbohydrates and fats. If you want an ove..