Sin

sin
1. Transgression of the law of god; disobedience of the divine command; any violation of God’s will, either in purpose or conduct; moral deficiency in the character; iniquity; as, sins of omission and sins of commission. Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin. (john viii. 34) Sin is the transgression of the law. (1 John III. 4) I think ‘t no sin. To cozen him that would unjustly win. (Shak) Enthralled By sin to foul, exorbitant desires. (milton)
2. An offense, in general; a violation of propriety; a misdemeanor; as, a sin against good manners. I grant that poetry’s a crying sin. (pope)
3. A sin offering; a sacrifice for sin. He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin. (2 cor. V. 21)
4. An embodiment of sin; a very wicked person. Thy ambition, Thou scarlet sin, robbed this bewailing land Of noble Buckingham. (Shak)
Sin is used in the formation of some compound words of obvious signification; as, sin-born; sin-bred, sin-oppressed, sin-polluted, and the like. Actual sin, Canonical sins, original sin, venial sin. See Actual, Canonical, etc. Deadly, or mortal, sins, willful and deliberate transgressions, which take away divine grace; in distinction from vental sins. The seven deadly sins are pride, covetousness, lust, wrath, gluttony, envy, and sloth. Sin eater, a man who (according to a former practice in England) for a small gratuity ate a piece of bread laid on the chest of a dead person, whereby he was supposed to have taken the sins of the dead person upon himself. Sin offering, a sacrifice for sin; something offered as an expiation for sin.
Synonym: Iniquity, wickedness, wrong. See crime.
Origin: OE. Sinne, AS. Synn, syn; akin to D. Zonde, OS. Sundia, OHG. Sunta, G. Sunde, Icel, Dan. & Sw. Synd, L. Sons, sontis, guilty, perhaps originally from the p. Pr. Of the verb signifying, to be, and meaning, the one who it is. Cf. Authentic, Sooth.


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