A branch of neuroscience that intends to understand how biological systems implement social processes and behavior
Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system and is concerned with the structure, development, function, chemistry, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system. Modern tools and technologies (e.g. molecular biology, electrophysiology, computational methods, etc.) led to the advancement of research on nervous system. As a result, neuroscience is now comprised of various branches. One of them is the social neuroscience.
Social neuroscience is concerned with determining and understanding the role of biological systems in the implementation of social processes and behavior. It applies biological concepts and methods to form theories of social processes and behavior. The term was first used in a publication entitled Social Neuroscience Bulletin in years between 1988 and 1994. It was next used in an article by John Cacioppo and Gary Berntson that was published in the American Psychologist in 1992.1 The two are regarded as the founders of social neuroscience.
1 Cacioppo J. T. and Berntson G. G. (1992). “Social psychological contributions to the decade of the brain: Doctrine of multilevel analysis”. American Psychologist. 47: 1019–1028.