Dictionary > Somatic cell

Somatic cell

Definition
noun, plural: somatic cells
Any cell of the body of a multicellular organism — excluding the germ cells (i.e. sperm and ovum), gametocytes (precursor germ cells), and undifferentiated stem cells
Supplement
Somatic cells are cells that make up the internal organs, bones, blood, connective tissues, and skin. In humans, somatic cells are characteristically diploid whereas germ cells are haploid.
Word origin: Gk sōmatikós of = pertaining to the body.
Synonym(s):

  • body cell

Compare:

  • sex cell
  • Related term(s):

    • Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer
    • Somatic Cell Nuclear Transplantation


    You will also like...

    Stem
    Stems

    Stems primarily provide plants structural support. This tutorial includes lectures on the external form of a woody twig ..

    Still Water Animals
    Still Water Animals

    Animals living in aquatic habitats have diversified and evolved through time. They eventually occupy ecological niches a..

    Young plant growing from the soil.
    Soils

    Nutrients in the soil are essential to the proper growth of a land plant. This tutorial deals with the properties of soi..

    Crossing Over and Genetic Diversity
    Inheritance and Probability

    Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk, is most famous in this field for his study of the phenotype of pea plants, including ..

    Types and Causes of Brain Damage
    Types and Causes of Brain Damage

    This tutorial describes the different types and causes of brain damage. Find out how genetics, physical injury, lack of ..

    Schematic diagram of bacterial lactose operon
    Gene Action – Operon Hypothesis

    Learn how the way genes control and determine every aspect of the body. This lesson uses lac operon as an example. ..

    ..