Dictionary > Somatic cell

Somatic cell

Definition
noun, plural: somatic cells
Any cell of the body of a multicellular organism — excluding the germ cells (i.e. sperm and ovum), gametocytes (precursor germ cells), and undifferentiated stem cells
Supplement
Somatic cells are cells that make up the internal organs, bones, blood, connective tissues, and skin. In humans, somatic cells are characteristically diploid whereas germ cells are haploid.
Word origin: Gk sōmatikós of = pertaining to the body.
Synonym(s):

  • body cell

Compare:

  • sex cell
  • Related term(s):

    • Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer
    • Somatic Cell Nuclear Transplantation


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