(general) The act of applying sound waves to agitate particles in a sample or to disrupt particles in a solution.
(microbiology) The process of dispersing, disrupting or inactivating biological material (e.g. viruses) by sound waves.
(zoology) The process of buzz pollination where sound waves from a vibrating bee wing muscles shake pollen from flowers.
Sonication is used to disrupt biological membranes of bacteria by exposing them to high frequency sound waves.
See also: sonoporation