A stalagmite is a mineral deposit somewhat resembling an inverted stalactite. It is icicle in shape and formed from the calcareous water dropping on the floors of caverns. Depending on the composition, the stalagmite types are lava stalagmites, ice stalagmites, and limestone stalagmites.
- Hicks, Forrest L. (1950). “Formation and mineralogy of stalactites and stalagmites”. NSS news 12: 63–72. https://www.biologyonline.com/wp-content/uploads/attachments/1950-v012-001.pdf
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