1. To pelt, beat, or kill with stones. And they stoned Stephen, calling upon god, and saying, lord Jesus, receive my spirit. (acts vii. 59)
2. To make like stone; to harden. O perjured woman! thou dost stone my heart. (Shak)
3. To free from stones; also, to remove the seeds of; as, to stone a field; to stone cherries; to stone raisins.
4. To wall or face with stones; to line or fortify with stones; as, to stone a well; to stone a cellar.
5. To rub, scour, or sharpen with a stone.
Origin: From Stone,: cf. AS. Stnan, Goth. Stainjan.
1. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; also, any particular mass of such matter; as, a house built of stone; the boy threw a stone; pebbles are rounded stones. Dumb as a stone. They had brick for stone, and slime . . . For mortar. (gen. Xi. 3)
In popular language, very large masses of stone are called rocks; small masses are called stones; and the finer kinds, gravel, or sand, or grains of sand. Stone is much and widely used in the construction of buildings of all kinds, for walls, fences, piers, abutments, arches, monuments, sculpture, and the like.
2. A precious stone; a gem. Many a rich stone. . Inestimable stones, unvalued jewels. .
3. Something made of stone. Specifically, the glass of a mirror; a mirror. Lend me a looking-glass; if that her breath will mist or stain the stone, why, then she lives. (Shak)
A monument to the dead; a gravestone. ”S
hould some relenting eye glance on the where our cold relics lie.” (pope)
4. (Science: medicine) A calculous concretion, especially one in the kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus.
5. One of the testes; a testicle.
6. (Science: botany) The hard endocarp of drupes; as, the stone of a cherry or peach.
7. A weight which legally is fourteen pounds, but in practice varies with the article weighed.
The stone of butchers’ meat or fish is reckoned at 8 lbs.; of cheese, 16 lbs.; of hemp, 32 lbs.; of glass, 5 lbs.
8. Symbol of hardness and insensibility; torpidness; insensibility; as, a heart of stone. I have not yet forgot myself to stone. (pope)
9. A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a book, newspaper, etc, before printing; called also imposing stone.
Stone is used adjectively or in composition with other words to denote made of stone, containing a stone or stones, employed on stone, or, more generally, of or pertaining to stone or stones; as, stone fruit, or stone-fruit; stone-hammer, or stone hammer; stone falcon, or stone-falcon. Compounded with some adjectives it denotes a degree of the quality expressed by the adjective equal to that possessed by a stone; as, stone-dead, stone-blind, stone-cold, stone-still, etc. Atlantic stone, ivory. Citron tables, or Atlantic stone. . Bowing stone. Same as Cromlech. Meteoric stones, stones which fall from the atmosphere, as after the explosion of a meteor. Philosopher’s stone. See philosopher. Rocking stone. See Rocking-stone. Stone age, a supposed prehistoric age of the world when stone and bone were habitually used as the materials for weapons and tools; cal
led also flint age. The bronze age succeeded to this. Stone bass, any animal that bores stones; especially, one of certain bivalve mollusks which burrow in limestone. See lithodomus, and saxicava.
(Science: botany) Stone bramble See Stone roller, above. A cyprinoid fish (Exoglossum maxillingua) found in the rivers from virginia to new York. It has a three-lobed lower lip; called also cutlips. To leave no stone unturned, to do everything that can be done; to use all practicable means to effect an object.
Origin: OE. Ston, stan, AS. Stan; akin to OS. & OFries. Sten, D. Steen, G. Stein, Icel. Steinn, Sw. Sten, Dan. Steen, Goth. Stains, Russ. Stiena a wall, Gr, a pebble. 167. Cf. Steen.