Dictionary > Styrene

Styrene

Styrene (chemical formula: C8H8) is a colorless, oily organic compound that serves as a precursor to polystyrenes, plastics, and synthetic rubber. It is a derivative of benzene. Together with divinylbenzene (for cross-linking), it is the basis of many synthetic ion exchangers. It was first isolated in 1839 by the German apothecary, Eduard Simon, from the resin of Liquidambar styraciflua (commonly called the American sweetgum tree, from the taxonomic plant family Altingiaceae). Apart from this plant, styrene was also found in certain plants such as cinnamon, peanuts, and coffee beans, albeit in small quantities. Eventually, styrene is produced synthetically for its use in the plastic industry. Styrene is presumed to be a carcinogen. In humans, it is metabolized into styrene oxide, which is mutagenic and possibly carcinogenic. Synonym: vinylbenzene, phenylethene, ethenylbenzene.

References

  1. Steele, D.H. (Midwest Research Institute, Kansas City, MO, Thornburg, M. ., Stanley, J. ., Miller, R. ., Brooke, R., Cushman, J. ., & Cruzan, G. (2019). Determination of styrene in selected foods. Retrieved from Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (USA) website: http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=US9561217
  2. Some Traditional Herbal Medicines, Some Mycotoxins, Naphthalene, and Styrene – WHO – OMS -. (2019). Retrieved from Who.int website: http://apps.who.int/bookorders/anglais/detart1.jsp?sesslan=1&codlan=1&codcol=72&codcch=82

© Biology Online. Content provided and moderated by Biology Online Editors



You will also like...

Homo Species
The Homo Species

The evolution of the species of the genus "Homo" led to the emergence of modern humans. Find out more about human evolut..

Consciousness and behavior
Consciousness and Behavior

Human consciousness and behavior are an interesting topic since they are determined and controlled by the brain. Conscio..

green plant cells
Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant cells have plastids essential in photosynthesis. They also have an additional layer called cell wall on their cell..

An artist depiction of a Precambrian multicellular life form.
The Evolution of Cell Organelles

The nucleus containing the genetic material, DNA, and the mitochondria, well-identified as the "powerhouse of the cell",..

Oligodendrocyte and Schwann cell
The Central Nervous System

Myelin sheath is essential for a faster conductivity of signals. Know more about this feature of some neurons in the Cen..

"Cronopio dentiacutus", a prehistoric mammal (an illustration)
Mammalian Ancestors

Mammals are a diverse group of organisms, where most of them develop their offspring within the uterus of the mother. Ov..