Dictionary > Styrene

Styrene

Styrene (chemical formula: C8H8) is a colorless, oily organic compound that serves as a precursor to polystyrenes, plastics, and synthetic rubber. It is a derivative of benzene. Together with divinylbenzene (for cross-linking), it is the basis of many synthetic ion exchangers. It was first isolated in 1839 by the German apothecary, Eduard Simon, from the resin of Liquidambar styraciflua (commonly called the American sweetgum tree, from the taxonomic plant family Altingiaceae). Apart from this plant, styrene was also found in certain plants such as cinnamon, peanuts, and coffee beans, albeit in small quantities. Eventually, styrene is produced synthetically for its use in the plastic industry. Styrene is presumed to be a carcinogen. In humans, it is metabolized into styrene oxide, which is mutagenic and possibly carcinogenic. Synonym: vinylbenzene, phenylethene, ethenylbenzene.

References

  1. Steele, D.H. (Midwest Research Institute, Kansas City, MO, Thornburg, M. ., Stanley, J. ., Miller, R. ., Brooke, R., Cushman, J. ., & Cruzan, G. (2019). Determination of styrene in selected foods. Retrieved from Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (USA) website: http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=US9561217
  2. Some Traditional Herbal Medicines, Some Mycotoxins, Naphthalene, and Styrene – WHO – OMS -. (2019). Retrieved from Who.int website: http://apps.who.int/bookorders/anglais/detart1.jsp?sesslan=1&codlan=1&codcol=72&codcch=82

© Biology Online. Content provided and moderated by Biology Online Editors



You will also like...

Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems
Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems

There are many environmental factors that arise due to the usage of water in one way or another and for every action tha..

bryophyte - sporophyte and gametophyte
Meiosis and Alternation of Generations

Plants are characterized by having alternation of generations in their life cycles. This tutorial is a review of plant m..

An artist depiction of a Precambrian multicellular life form.
The Evolution of Cell Organelles

The nucleus containing the genetic material, DNA, and the mitochondria, well-identified as the "powerhouse of the cell",..

An artistic depiction of a human embryo
Growth and Development of a Human Baby

Upon fertilization, a zygote forms and develops into an embryo. This tutorial elaborates on the growth and development f..

Darwin's Finches - Natural Selection
Darwin and Natural Selection

This tutorial investigates the genetic diversity in more detail. It also delineates how certain alleles are favored over..

Lights' Effect on Growth
Lights’ Effect on Growth

This tutorial elaborates on the effect of light on plant growth. It describes how different plants require different amo..