Sum

1. The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added together; as, the sum of 5 and 7 is 12. *Take ye the sum of all the congregation.* (Num. I. 2)

sum is now commonly applied to an aggregate of numbers, and number to an aggregate of persons or things.

2. A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely; as, a sum of money; a small sum, or a large sum. *The sum of forty pound.* *With a great sum obtained i this freedom.* (acts xxii. 28)

3. The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the sum of all the evidence in the case; this is the sum and substance of his objections.

4. height; completion; utmost degree. *Thus have i told thee all my state, and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss.* (milton)

5. (Science: mathematics) A problem to be solved, or an example to be wrought out. *A sum in arithmetic wherein a flaw discovered at a particular point is ipso facto fatal to the whole.* (Gladstone) *A large sheet of paper . . . Covered with long sums.* (Dickens) Algebraic sum, as distinguished from arithmetical sum, the aggregate of two or more numbers or quantities taken with regard to their signs, as – or -, according to the rules of addition in algebra; thus, the algebraic sum of -2, 8, and -1 is 5. In sum, in short; in brief. ”In sum, the gospel . . . Prescribes every virtue to our con

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duct, and forbids every sin.”

Origin: oe. Summe, somme, OF. Sume, some, f. Somme, L. Summa, fr. Summus highest, a superlative from sub under. See sub-, and cf. Supreme.

1. To bring together into one whole; to collect into one amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain the totality of; usually with up. *The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day.* (bacon)

2. To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a few words; to condense; usually with up. Go to the ant, thou sluggard,* in few words sums up the moral of this fable.* (L’Estrange) *He sums their virtues in himself alone.* (Dryden)

3. (Science: veterinary) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish with complete, or full-grown, plumage. *But feathered soon and fledge They summed their pens wings* (milton) Summing up, a compendium or abridgment; a recapitulation; a resume; a summary.

Synonym: To cast up, collect, comprise, condense, comprehend, compute.

Origin: cf. F. Sommer, LL. Summare.

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