Dictionary > Symplectic metachronism

Symplectic metachronism

symplectic metachronism –>
(Science: cell biology) type of synchrony found in the beating of cilia. A metachronal process is one that happens at a later time and the synchronisation is such that the active stroke of an adjacent cilium is slightly delayed so as to minimise the hydrodynamic interference, coordination is by visco mechanical coupling. Different patterns of metachronal synchronisation are recognised:
symplectic metachronism: the wave of activity in the field passes in the same direction as the active stroke of the individual cilium.
antiplectic metachronism: the opposite is true.
In dexioplectic and laeoplectic metachronism the wave of activity in the field is normal to the beat axis. Symplectic and antiplectic metachronism are considered orthoplectic, the other forms as diaplectic.

You will also like...

Protein (illustration)
Protein Variety

The sequence of amino acids determines the type of protein. Protein is synthesized according to the sequence of nucleoti..

Flowers and tiny fruits of the pomegranate plant
Fruits, Flowers, and Seeds

This tutorial deals with the structure and function of flowers, fruits, and seeds. Also included here are the types of f..

Selective Breeding
Selective Breeding

Gregor Mendel's studies into Monohybrid and Dihybrid crossing and Charles Darwin's study of evolution and natural select..

green leaf - close up view

Leaves are the major photosynthetic organ of a plant. Apart from that, they are also crucial to water movement. In this ..

Wart-like leaf galls on grape leaves
Plant Cell Defense

Plants protect themselves by releasing hydrogen peroxide to fight against fungal invasion. Another way is by secreting c..

Biological Cell schematic diagram
Biological Cell Introduction

It only takes one biological cell to create an organism. A single cell is able to keep itself functional through its 'mi..