Dictionary > Wigwam

Wigwam

wigwam
An indian cabin or hut, usually of a conical form, and made of a framework of poles covered with hides, bark, or mats; called also tepee. written also weekwam Very spacious was the wigwam, Made of deerskin dressed and whitened, With the gods of the dacotahs Drawn and painted on its curtains. (Longfellow)
The wigwam, or indian house, of a circular or oval shape, was made of bark or mats laid over a framework of branches of trees stuck in the ground in such a manner as to converge at the top, where was a central aperture for the escape of smoke from the fire beneath. The better sort had also a lining of mats. For entrance and egress, two low openings were left on opposite sides, one or the other of which was closed with bark or mats, according to the direction of the wind.
Origin: From the Algonquin or Massachusetts Indian word wek, his house, or dwelling place; with possessive and locative affixes, we-kou-om-ut, in his (or their) house, contracted by the English to weekwam, and wigwam.


You will also like...

Plant biology
Plant Biology

Plantlife can be studied at a variety of levels, from the molecular, genetic and biochemical level through organelles, c..

A sperm cell fertilizing an ovum
Human Reproduction and Fertilization

For human species to obviate extinction, reproductive mature adults should be producing viable offspring in order to con..

Pikas are an indicator species for climate change
Indicator Species and Endangered Species

Certain species are capable of expressing characteristics indicative of the state of the ecosystem they occupy. They are..

Biological Cell Defense
Biological Cell Defense

Organisms employ different strategies to boost its defenses against antigens. Humans have an immune system to combat pat..

Early Mammals on Earth
Early Mammals on Earth

The Earth's ecosphere was rapidly changing and throwing up a wide range of ecological niches that new adaptive organisms..

human respiratory system
Respiration

The human respiratory system is an efficient system of inspiring and expiring respiratory gases. This tutorial provides ..