Dictionary > Wool

Wool

wool
1. The soft and curled, or crisped, species of hair which grows on sheep and some other animals, and which in fineness sometimes approaches to fur; chiefly applied to the fleecy coat of the sheep, which constitutes a most essential material of clothing in all cold and temperate climates.
Wool consists essentially of keratin.
2. Short, thick hair, especially when crisped or curled. Wool of bat and tongue of dog. (Shak)
3. (Science: botany) A sort of pubescence, or a clothing of dense, curling hairs on the surface of certain plants. Dead pulled wool, wool pulled from a carcass. Mineral wool. See Mineral. Philosopher’s wool.
(Science: chemistry) See zinc oxide, under Zinc. Pulled wool, wool pulled from a pelt, or undressed hide. Slag wool. Same as mineral wool. Wool ball, a ball or mass of wool. Wool burler, one who removes little burs, knots, or extraneous matter, from wool, or the surface of woolen cloth. Wool comber. One whose occupation is to comb wool. A machine for combing wool.
(Science: botany) Wool grass, a disease, resembling malignant pustule, occurring among those who handle the wool of goats and sheep. Wool staple, a city or town where wool used to be brought to the king’s staple for sale. Wool stapler. One who deals in wool. One who sorts wool according to its staple, or its adaptation to different manufacturing pur
600
poses. Wool winder, a person employed to wind, or make up, wool into bundles to be packed for sale.
Origin: OE. Wolle, wulle, AS. Wull; akin to D. Wol, OHG. Wolla, G. Wolle, Icel. & Sw. Ull, Dan. Uld, Goth, wulla, Lith. Vilna, Russ. Volna, L. Vellus, Skr. Rn wool, to cover, . Cf. Flannel, Velvet.


You will also like...

Genetics and Evolution
Genetics and Evolution

Humans are diploid creatures. This means that for every chromosome in the body, there is another one to match it. Howeve..

Water Cycle
The Water Cycle

The water cycle (also referred to as the hydrological cycle) is a system of continuous transfer of water from the air, s..

Biological Cell schematic diagram
Biological Cell Introduction

It only takes one biological cell to create an organism. A single cell is able to keep itself functional through its 'mi..

Non-Mendelian Inheritance
Non-Mendelian Inheritance

In this tutorial, find out more about certain types of inheritance that does not follow the Mendelian inheritance patter..

green leaf - close up view
Leaves

Leaves are the major photosynthetic organ of a plant. Apart from that, they are also crucial to water movement. In this ..

Adaptive Radiation
Adaptive Radiation

The diversification of several new species from a recent ancestral source, each adapted to utilize or occupy a vacant ad..