Dictionary > Zetaproteobacteria

Zetaproteobacteria

Definition
noun
A taxonomic class in Phylum Proteobacteria in which the species Mariprofundus ferrooxydans belongs
Supplement
Proteobacteria is a phylum of the domain Bacteria that includes a great diversity of forms of species. This phylum has six taxonomic classes: (1) Alphaproteobacteria, (2) Betaproteobacteria, (3) Gammaproteobacteria, (4) Deltaproteobacteria, (5) Epsilonproteobacteria, and (6) Zetaproteobacteria.
The class Zetaproteobacteria is the most recently described proteobacteria.1 One known species of this class is Mariprofundus ferrooxydans. This species is a chemolithoautotroph isolated from a submarine volcane, Loihi Seamount in 1996.1, 2 It grows by oxidising ferrous to ferric iron. It has a doubling time at 23°C of 12 hours and a curved rod (approximately 0.5×2–5 µm) morphology.1
Scientific classification:

See also:

  • Alphaproteobacteria
  • Betaproteobacteria
  • Gammaproteobacteria
  • Deltaproteobacteria
  • Epsilonproteobacteria
  • Reference(s):

    1 Emerson, D., Rentz, J. A., Lilburn, T. G., Davis, R. E., Aldrich, H., Chan, C., & Moyer, C. L. (2007). Reysenbach, Anna-Louise, ed. “A Novel Lineage of Proteobacteria Involved in Formation of Marine Fe-Oxidizing Microbial Mat Communities”. PLoS ONE 2 (8): e667.

    1 Emerson, D. & Moyer, C. L. (2002). “Neutrophilic Fe-oxidizing bacteria are abundant at the Loihi Seamount hydrothermal vents and play a major role in Fe oxide deposition”. Applied and environmental microbiology 68 (6): 3085–3093.


    You will also like...

    Growth Patterns
    Growth Patterns

    This tutorial describes the sigmoid curve, annual plant growth, tree growth, human growth, and insect growth as the grow..

    Genetic engineering
    Genetic Engineering Advantages & Disadvantages

    This tutorial presents the benefits and the possible adverse eventualities of genetic engineering. Know more about this ..

    Energy pyramid
    Freshwater Community Energy Relationships – Producers & Consumers

    This tutorial looks at the relationship between organisms. It also explores how energy is passed on in the food chain an..

    An artist depiction of a Precambrian multicellular life form.
    The Evolution of Cell Organelles

    The nucleus containing the genetic material, DNA, and the mitochondria, well-identified as the "powerhouse of the cell",..

    Human Neurology
    Human Neurology

    Human Neurology deals essentially with the nervous system of humans. It also features the various theories put forward b..

    Physical growth
    Physical Development in Humans

    This tutorial elaborates on the physical development of humans, particularly from puberty to adulthood. Read this tutori..