Articles > Quizzes & Surveys > Inheritance and Probability – Quiz Inheritance and Probability – Quiz Quiz Multiple choice: choose the best answer. 1. Alleles segregate and get distributed into the new sex cells during ______________? a. mitosis b. meiosis c. mitosis and meiosis d. cell division 2. A variant of a gene controlling the same trait is called _________ ? a. allele b. chromosome c. mutation d. DNA 3. The random separation of the members of a pair of alleles will result in ______? a. a cell with only one member of the paired allele. b. the total number of genes reduced to half from one generation to the next. c. reduced gene variation. d. the organism becoming a new species due to the resulting mutation. 4. In humans, the sex is determined by a. autosomes b. sex chromosomes c. both autosomes and sex chromosomes d. none of the above 5. Which of these statements is correct? a. X and Y chromosomes are an example of a homologous pair because both of them are sex chromosomes. b. Sex-linked genes are examples of genes that do not assort independently, and therefore, tend to be inherited together. c. In humans, females possess XX chromosomes while males possess YY chromosomes. d. Sperm cells are homogametic because some will possess the X chromosome while the others will have the Y chromosome. Send Your Results (Optional) Your Name To Email Time is Up!