24 results found

Search Results for: carbonyl group

Carbonyl group

Carbonyl group a group in which an oxygen atom is double-bonded to a carbon atom: O=C. The carbon atom then has two... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Peptide bond

Definition noun, plural: peptide bonds (1) The covalent bond joining amino acids, particularly at the carboxyl group of... Read More

Tetrose

Definition noun, plural: tetroses A four-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Group

Definition noun, plural: groups (1) An assemblage of animals, plants, or microorganisms having the same distinctive... Read More

Triose

Definition noun, plural: trioses A three-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Aldehyde

Aldehyde (Science: chemistry) a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen, single-bonded to a hydrogen, and single-bonded to... Read More

Carboxyl group

Definition noun -COOH: a functional group comprised of a carbonyl group and a hydroxyl group, and present in all carboxylic... Read More

Ketose

Definition noun, plural: ketoses A monosaccharide with a ketone as its carbonyl group Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

Hexose

Definition noun, plural: hexoses A six-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Heptose

Definition noun, plural: heptoses A seven-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Nonose

Definition noun, plural: nonoses A nine-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Pentose

Definition noun, plural: pentoses A five-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Fructooligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: fructooligosaccharides fruc·to·ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ɪhɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd An... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Guanine

Definition noun plural: guanines gua·nine, ˈɡwɑː.niːn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Moiety

Moiety Definition What is a moiety? Moiety (plural: moieties), in general, refers to the half or one of the two... Read More

Ketotriose

Definition noun, plural: ketotrioses A triose containing a ketone group, and in which the carbonyl group is in the middle of... Read More

Aldose

Definition noun, plural: aldoses Any monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group (-CHO) Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

Aldotriose

Definition noun, plural: aldotrioses A triose containing an aldehyde group, and in which the carbonyl group is at the end of... Read More

Lobry de bruyn-van ekenstein transformation

Lobry de bruyn-van ekenstein transformation The conversion of glucose to fructose and mannose in dilute alkali by... Read More

Isomaltulose

Definition noun plural: isomaltuloses A disaccharide comprised of a glucose monomer and a fructose monomer joined by... Read More

Acetyl

Acetyl (Science: biochemistry, chemistry) this is the radical of acetic acid, it contains a carbonyl and a methyl group that... Read More

Scientists using laser light to detect potential diseases via breath samples, says new study

By blasting a person's breath with laser light, scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the... Read More