71 results found

Search Results for: chloride

Dansyl chloride

Definition noun (chemistry) A strongly fluorescent compound that will react with the terminal amino group of a protein;... Read More

Chloride

Chloride a compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric... Read More

Isotonic

Isotonic Definition What does isotonic mean? The term "isotonic" is used in physiology, anatomy, and physical chemistry.... Read More

Inorganic salt

Definition noun, plural: inorganic salts A salt that lacks C-H bonds Supplement A salt is defined as the neutral ionic... Read More

Hypotonic solution

Hypotonic Solution Definition What is a hypotonic solution? It refers to a solution that contains a lower amount of solute... Read More

Compound

Definition noun plural: compounds com·pound, ˈkɒmpaʊnd (general) A material made up of two or more parts or... Read More

Chemical bond

Definition noun, plural: chemical bonds The attractive force that binds atoms, ions, or molecules in a chemical... Read More

Curare

Definition noun (1) Common name for the plant species, Strychnos toxifera (2) The substance containing the alkaloid... Read More

Fouchets reagent

Fouchets reagent a 25% solution of trichloroacetic acid, containing 0.9% ferric chloride; a drop of the reagent added at the... Read More

Sodium

sodium (Science: Chemistry, element) Sodium is a soft, silvery, highly reactive alkali metal which has an atomic number of... Read More

Oxidize

Definition verb (1) To combine with oxygen; to add oxygen; to convert into an oxide. (2) To remove hydrogen, as by the... Read More

Cl

Cl The chemical symbol for chloride. Sodium chloride (ordinary salt) is chemically represented... Read More

Oxidise

Definition verb (1) To combine with oxygen; to add oxygen; to convert into an oxide. (2) To remove hydrogen, as by the... Read More

Gastric juice

Definition noun The acidic digestive fluid secreted by various glands in the stomach lining into the lumen of the stomach,... Read More

Gastric acid

Definition noun (1) The hydrochloric acid present in the gastric juice (2) The gastric juice itself Supplement The gastric... Read More

Inorganic compound

Definition noun plural: inorganic compounds A chemical compound lacking both carbon-carbon (C-C) and carbon-hydrogen... Read More

Thiamine

Definition noun One of the B vitamins that can be obtained from pork, oatmeal, brown rice, vegetables, potatoes, liver,... Read More

Element

Element Definition noun plural: elements el‧e‧ment, ˈel.ɪ.mənt (biochemistry) A substance that cannot be... Read More

Saline solution

Definition noun, plural: saline solutions A salty solution prepared by dissolving sodium chloride (table salt, NaCl) by... Read More

Ionic bond

Definition noun plural: ionic bonds A type of chemical bond in which atoms, ions, or molecules are held together by... Read More

Polymer

Definition noun, plural: polymers (1) A compound made up of several repeating units (monomers) or protomers (2) The product... Read More

Transpiration

Definition noun (physics) The passage of gases through fine tubes or through a porous substance. (botany) The loss of water... Read More

Hyperosmotic

Hyperosmotic Definition The word Hyperosmotic is derived from two Greek words: 'hyper', meaning “excess” and 'osmos',... Read More

Cerebrospinal fluid

Definition noun, plural: cerebrospinal fluids A clear, colorless body fluid that fills the ventricles of the brain and the... Read More

Saluretic

saluretic Pertaining to, characterised by or promoting saluresis (= the excretion of sodium and chloride ions in the... Read More

2007 Physicians’ Desk Reference: Your Complete Print And Electonic Drug Information Solution (Physicians’ Desk Reference (Bookstore Version))

2007 Physicians' Desk Reference: Your Complete Print And Electonic Drug Information Solution (Physicians' Desk Reference... Read More

Obermayers test

Obermayer's test A test for indican; solids in the urine are precipitated by means of a 20% solution of acetate of lead and... Read More

Sweat Gland

Any of the glands in the skin that secrete perspiration.A gland in humans responsible for the secretion of sweat, containing... Read More

Salinity

Definition noun, plural: salinities The degree of saltiness; the relative proportion of salt in a... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Lysosome

Lysosome Definition noun plural: lysosomes ly·so·some, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm (cell biology) Organelle containing a large... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Homogeneous system

Homogeneous system in chemistry, a system whose parts cannot be mechanically separated, and is therefore uniform throughout... Read More

Cytosol

Definition noun plural: cytosols cy·to·sol, ˈsaɪtəˌsɒl (cell biology) The liquid component of the cytoplasm... Read More

Membrane potentials

membrane potentials ratio of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride and other ions in diffusible... Read More

Facilitated diffusion

Facilitated diffusion is the transport of substances across a biological membrane from an area of higher concentration to an... Read More

GERL

Definition noun Acronym for Golgi - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Lysosome complex, a system found in the cell that involves... Read More

Inorganic catalyst

Definition noun, plural: organocatalysts An inorganic compound used as a catalyst. Supplement Inorganic catalysts speed up a... Read More

Thistle tube

Definition noun A piece of glassware used in laboratory that consists of tube with funnel-like portion at the top and a... Read More

Sarcolemma

Sarcolemma Definition What is the sarcolemma? It is the thin, transparent, extensible plasma membrane of the muscle cell.... Read More