86 results found

Search Results for: chloroplast

Chloroplast

Chloroplast Definition What is chloroplast? In biology, a chloroplast refers to the organelle found within the cell of... Read More

Chloroplast DNA

Definition noun plural: chloroplast DNAs DNA in the chloroplast that carries the code for proteins and RNAs essential to... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Protist

Protist Definition What is a protist? All protists are eukaryotes, i.e. organisms with a nucleus. However, they are... Read More

Light-independent reaction

The process of photosynthesis is a biological procedure in which plants produce oxygen and energy (sugar) by using light... Read More

Gerontoplast

Definition noun, plural: gerontoplasts A plastid that forms from chloroplast during senescence Supplement Plastids are... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Leaf

Leaf Definition (botany) A plant organ that is specialized for photosynthesis. Collectively, it constitutes foliage.... Read More

Etioplast

Definition noun, plural: etioplasts (botany) A plastid that developed in darkness or under low light conditions Supplement A... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA Definition noun plural: mitochondrial DNAs The genetic material in the mitochondrion that carries code... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Endosymbiotic theory

Endosymbiotic theory definition noun (evolutionary biology) A theory suggesting that the organelles such as mitochondria... Read More

Chlorenchyma

Definition noun A parenchyma cell with chloroplasts, and is therefore photosynthetic Supplement Vascular plants are... Read More

Organelle

The cell is regarded as the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure... Read More

Leucoplast

Definition noun, plural: leucoplasts A plastid lacking photosynthetic pigments and involved in various biosynthetic... Read More

Chromoplast

Definition noun, plural: chromoplasts Any of the coloured plastids associated with pigment synthesis and... Read More

Dinoflagellate

A dinoflagellate is a flagellate algae characterized by their two flagella of unequal length. One of the flagella is lying... Read More

Proplastid

Definition noun, plural: proplastids A small, colourless organelle that gives rise to a plastid (e.g. chloroplast,... Read More

Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant Cells Most cells are not visible with the naked eye. However, with microscopes of various types, plant cells can be... Read More

Tannosome

Definition noun, plural: tannosomes An organelle, particularly a special type of leucoplast, involved primarily in... Read More

Plastid

Definition noun, plural: plastids A double membrane bound organelle involved in the synthesis and storage of food, and is... Read More

Organization

Organization Definition The meaning of the term "organization" is very simple. It means the state wherein things are... Read More

Photolysis

Photolysis Definition We define photolysis as a chemical process in which chemical compounds or molecules are split into... Read More

Carotenoid

Definition noun, plural: carotenoids (botany) Any of the pigment molecules, typically yellow, red, and orange, that interact... Read More

Phycobilin

Definition noun, plural: phycobilins A water-soluble accessory pigment found in red algae and... Read More

Carotene

Definition noun, plural: carotenes Any of the group of carotenoids characterized by the lack of oxygen on its molecular... Read More

Accessory pigment

Definition noun, plural: accessory pigments A non-chlorophyll pigment inside the chloroplast of photosynthetic organisms,... Read More

Cryptomonad

Definition noun, plural: cryptomonads Any of the species belonging to Phylum Cryptophyta, and characterized by being aquatic... Read More

Cytokinin

Plants require growth hormones for their regulated growth. Plant growth hormones or regulators (PGRs) are small organic... Read More

Archaeplastida

Definition noun A taxonomic kingdom of the domain Eukaryota that includes land plants, green algae, red algae, and... Read More

Plant cell

Plant Cell Definition A plant cell refers to any cell of a plant. It is the structural and functional unit of plants. Plant... Read More

Proteinoplast

Definition noun, plural: proteinoplasts (botany) A leucoplast that stores and modifies protein Supplement Plastids are... Read More

Animal cell

An animal cell is the fundamental functional unit of life of animals. It is also the basic unit of reproduction. Animal... Read More

Photosynthesis – Photolysis and Carbon Fixation

Photosynthesis is the means that primary producers (mostly plants) can obtain energy via light energy. The energy gained... Read More

Elaioplast

Definition noun, plural: elaioplasts (botany) A leucoplast that stores oil Supplement Plastids are organelles involved in... Read More

Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria is a phylum comprised of photosynthetic bacteria that live in aquatic habitats and moist soils. Others are... Read More

Organism

An organism refers to a living thing that has an organized structure, can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, adapt, and... Read More

Parenchyma

Parenchyma Definition What does parenchyma mean? Let's define the word "parenchyma". Most of the functional tissues in... Read More