50 results found

Search Results for: condensation

Condensation

Definition noun (1) (chemistry, physics) The process or the state of changing a substance from gas to liquid or solid (2)... Read More

Dehydration reaction

What is dehydration synthesis? A dehydration reaction is a form of biochemical reaction wherein a water molecule is lost or... Read More

Prophase

Prophase is the first stage of mitosis; the very first step in this crucial process of the M-phase of the cell cycle. Now as... Read More

Condensation polymer

Condensation polymer (Science: chemistry) The kind of polymer that is formed by the combination of monomers and the release... Read More

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Polysaccharide

Polysaccharide Definition Biology Definition: A polysaccharide is a carbohydrate formed by long chains of repeating units... Read More

Prophase I

Organisms all use mitosis to create more cells in the body. Meiosis, a similar process, is used in some organisms to undergo... Read More

Disaccharide

Carbohydrates are organic compounds comprised of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio of 1:2:1. They are one... Read More

Anaphase

In order to keep the process of biological existence ever-going, the phenomenon of cell multiplication is very important.... Read More

Metaphase

Metaphase Definition Metaphase is the third phase of mitosis after prophase and before anaphase. Mitosis is the process by... Read More

Apoptosis

Definition noun, plural: apoptoses A programmed cell death involving an ordered sequence of biochemical events that result... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Chromatin

Chromatin Definition What is chromatin in a cell? Chromatin is a complex of nucleic acids (e.g. DNA or RNA) and proteins... Read More

Chondroblast

There are two forms of cells in cartilage: chondroblasts and chondrocytes. The chondroblasts are cells that secrete the... Read More

Nucleoid

Definition noun plural: nucleoids nu·cle·oid, ˈnjuːklɪˌɔɪd The portion within a prokaryotic cell where the... Read More

Adenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: adenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cyclic adenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A cyclic form of adenosine monophosphate that... Read More

Micromolecule

Micromolecules Definition How to define micromolecule? Micromolecules are relatively small molecules that are combined... Read More

Bivalent

Bivalent Definition What is bivalent? In genetics, bivalent is used in describing homologous chromosomes (referred to as... Read More

Chromosome

Chromosomes Definition Chromosomes are the thread-like structure present in the nucleus of plant and animal cells.... Read More

Fragmentation

Fragmentation Definition What is fragmentation? In general, fragmentation refers to the state or the process of breaking... Read More

Facultative heterochromatin

Definition noun Heterochromatin that may lose its condensed state and becomes genetically active Supplement Heterochromatin... Read More

Ribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: ribonucleotides ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌraɪbəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A form of nucleotide in... Read More

Metaphase II

Definition noun The second stage in meiosis II after prophase II, and highlights the alignment of chromosomes along a single... Read More

Histone

Definition noun, plural: histones A water-soluble alkaline protein in the nucleus, and from where the DNA tightly coils... Read More

Process

Process Definition What is a process? In biology, a process (plural: processes) means any of the various biological... Read More

Isomaltulose

Definition noun plural: isomaltuloses A disaccharide comprised of a glucose monomer and a fructose monomer joined by... Read More

Leaves

Leaves are highly efficient solar energy converters. They capture light energy and through the process of photosynthesis.... Read More

Cells know when to separate at mitosis

How do cells know when to separate during mitosis? A molecule called BubR1 was found to regulate the timing of the division... Read More

Heterochromatin

Definition noun Highly condensed, tightly packed form of chromatin, as opposed to the lightly packed... Read More

Maltose

Definition noun plural: maltoses mal·tose, ˈmɔːltəʊz A reducing disaccharide formed when two glucose monomers join... Read More

Constitutive heterochromatin

Definition noun Regions on chromosomes that are condensed permanently, genetically inactive, and always in the same position... Read More

Lactose

Definition noun plural: lactoses lac·tose, ˈlæk.toʊs A disaccharide (chemical formula: C12H22O11) made up of one... Read More

Sucrose

Definition noun plural: sucroses su·crose, ˈsukɹoʊs A disaccharide with a chemical formula of C12H22O11 that occurs in... Read More

Nucleotide

Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of nucleic acid (e.g. DNA and RNA). A nucleic... Read More

Diakinesis

Definition noun The final stage of prophase I of meiosis I in which the chromosomes condense, the nucleolus fragments and... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Alanine

What is alanine? Alanine is a non-essential amino acid. There are two types of amino acids for mammals namely essential and... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More