35 results found

Search Results for: energy acceptor

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Anaerobic respiration

Anaerobic Respiration Definition What is anaerobic respiration? Anaerobic (cellular) respiration is a respiratory process... Read More

Ecosystem

Ecosystem Definition An ecosystem is a system consisting of biotic and abiotic components that function together as a unit.... Read More

Photolysis

Photolysis Definition We define photolysis as a chemical process in which chemical compounds or molecules are split into... Read More

Photosynthesis – Photolysis and Carbon Fixation

Photosynthesis is the means that primary producers (mostly plants) can obtain energy via light energy. The energy gained... Read More

Aerobic bacteria

Aerobic Bacteria Definition What does aerobic mean in biology? As the name suggests, 'aerobe' in biology means organisms... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Light-independent reaction

The process of photosynthesis is a biological procedure in which plants produce oxygen and energy (sugar) by using light... Read More

Obligate aerobe

Before we define obligate aerobes, let us first understand and define aerobic organisms. Aerobic organisms are those that... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate Definition noun plural: adenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is... Read More

Facultative anaerobe

Facultative Anaerobe Definition What does facultative anaerobe mean? Facultative organisms are the most adaptable... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Pyruvic acid

What is Pyruvic Acid? Pyruvic acid is an organic acid that occurs as an intermediate in many metabolic processes. It occurs... Read More

Oxidation

Oxidation Definition How do we define oxidation? There are several definitions of the oxidation process. Oxidation can be... Read More

photobiology

Photobiology Definition Photobiology, the biology of light, is a subdiscipline in biology. It focuses on the effects of... Read More

Oxidative phosphorylation

Definition noun A metabolic pathway that generates ATP from ADP through phosphorylation that derives the energy from the... Read More

Redox reaction

Redox Reaction Definition What are redox reactions? This is a common term in chemistry and biology. In chemistry, a redox... Read More

Terminal electron acceptor

Definition noun A compound that receives or accepts an electron during oxidation of carbon source, e.g. during cellular... Read More

Aerobic process

Definition noun, plural: aerobic processes A process that occurs and requires the presence of oxygen or air Supplement An... Read More

C4 plant

C4 Plants Definition A C4 plant fixes CO2 into a molecule containing four carbon atoms before initiating the Calvin cycle... Read More

Hydrogen Acceptor

Any substance that is capable of becoming reduced and accepting hydrogen atoms, which allows the release of energy from such... Read More

Accessory pigment

Definition noun, plural: accessory pigments A non-chlorophyll pigment inside the chloroplast of photosynthetic organisms,... Read More

Hydrogen bond

Definition noun plural: hydrogen bonds A type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of... Read More

Animal

Animal Definition An animal (plural: animals) refers to any of the eukaryotic multicellular organisms of the biological... Read More

Aerobic respiration

Definition noun (1) A form of cellular respiration that requires oxygen in order to generate energy. (2) The process of... Read More

Ligase

An enzyme is a catalyst or a chemical produced by cells to speed up a biochemical reaction. It is usually a protein molecule... Read More

Light reactions

Definition noun The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by... Read More

Photodecomposition

Definition noun The decomposition of a chemical compound by means of light energy or photons. Supplement For example, the... Read More

Animal cell

An animal cell is the fundamental functional unit of life of animals. It is also the basic unit of reproduction. Animal... Read More

Obligate anaerobe

Definition noun An anaerobe that does not require oxygen and lives only in anaerobic environment. Supplement Exposure to... Read More