333 results found

Search Results for: enzymes

Enzymes: A Practical Introduction to Structure, Mechanism, and Data Analysis

Enzymes: A Practical Introduction to Structure, Mechanism, and Data Analysis ... Read More

Digestive Enzymes

Have you ever thought about what happens to the food after you have taken it into your mouth? How those big steak pieces... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Enzyme

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Definition noun plural: enzymes en·zyme, ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) A... Read More

Digestive enzymes

Digestive enzymes enzymes that are utilised in the digestive system, enzymes that are hydrolases of macromolecules (e.g.,... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Substrate

Substrate Definition What is a "substrate"? The underlying substances or layers are termed as substrate. The definitions of... Read More

Lysosomal enzyme

Definition noun plural: lysosomal enzymes ly·so·somal en·zyme, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm əl ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) Any of... Read More

Handbook of Food Analytical Chemistry, Water, Proteins, Enzymes, Lipids, and Carbohydrates

Handbook of Food Analytical Chemistry, Water, Proteins, Enzymes, Lipids, and Carbohydrates ... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Lysosome

Lysosome Definition noun plural: lysosomes ly·so·some, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm (cell biology) Organelle containing a large... Read More

Splitting enzymes

splitting enzymes Enzyme's that, like aldolases, catalyze the conversion of a molecule into two smaller molecules without... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Golgi apparatus

Definition noun Gol·gi ap·pa·rat·us, ˈgɔl dʒi ˌæpəˈreɪtəs (cell biology) An organelle that is comprised of... Read More

Alimentary canal

Definition of Alimentary canal What is the alimentary canal? The alimentary canal is a muscular hollow continuous tubular... Read More

Enzymes

Definition noun singular: enzyme en·zymes, en·zymes Plural form of enzyme, a catalyst or a chemical produced by cells to... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

GERL

Definition noun Acronym for Golgi - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Lysosome complex, a system found in the cell that involves... Read More

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Decomposer

Decomposer Definition The organisms that carry out the process of decay or break down of the dead organism are known as... Read More

Fundamentals of Enzymology: The Cell and Molecular Biology of Catalytic Proteins

Fundamentals of Enzymology: The Cell and Molecular Biology of Catalytic Proteins   ... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Endocytosis

Endocytosis Definition What is endocytosis in biology? Endocytosis is a cellular process by which a cell internalizes any... Read More

Maltose

Definition noun plural: maltoses mal·tose, ˈmɔːltəʊz A reducing disaccharide formed when two glucose monomers join... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Restriction endonuclease

Definition noun, plural: restriction enzymes An endonuclease that cleaves DNA at specific sites, producing small fragments... Read More

Cellulose

Cellulose Definition noun plural: celluloses cel·lu·lose, sĕl′yə-lōs (1) A polysaccharide consisting of a linear... Read More

Marker enzyme

Definition noun, plural: marker enzymes Any enzyme confined to a particular organelle, cell, or cellular... Read More

Lactose

Definition noun plural: lactoses lac·tose, ˈlæk.toʊs A disaccharide (chemical formula: C12H22O11) made up of one... Read More

Lock-and-key model

Definition noun A model for enzyme-substrate interaction suggesting that the enzyme and the substrate possess specific... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Restriction enzyme

Definition noun, plural: restriction enzymes An enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of DNA at restriction sites, producing... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Isoenzyme

Isozymes (also known as isoenzymes) are enzymes that differ in amino acid sequence but catalyze the same chemical reaction.... Read More

Facultative anaerobe

Facultative Anaerobe Definition What does facultative anaerobe mean? Facultative organisms are the most adaptable... Read More

Substrate specificity

Definition noun A feature of an enzyme activity with regard to the kind of substrate reacting with an enzyme to yield a... Read More