39 results found

Search Results for: lysosome

Lysosome

Lysosome Definition noun plural: lysosomes ly·so·some, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm (cell biology) Organelle containing a large... Read More

Phagolysosome

Definition noun plural: phagolysosomes (cell biology) A cytoplasmic body that forms from the fusion of phagosome and... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

GERL

GERL Definition GERL is the acronym for Golgi - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Lysosome complex, a system found in the cell and... Read More

Endosome

Endosome Definition noun plural: endosomes en·do·some, ˈəndoˌsoʊm (cell biology) A membrane-bound cytoplasmic... Read More

Phagosome

Definition noun plural: phagosomes phag·o·some, ˈfæg əˌsoʊm (cell biology) A vesicle that forms by pinching off... Read More

Lysosomal enzyme

Definition noun plural: lysosomal enzymes ly·so·somal en·zyme, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm əl ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) Any of... Read More

Organelle

The cell is regarded as the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure... Read More

Endomembrane

Definition noun, plural: endomembranes The membraneous components in a cell, i.e. nuclear envelope, endoplasmic reticulum,... Read More

Golgi apparatus

Definition noun Gol·gi ap·pa·rat·us, ˈgɔl dʒi ˌæpəˈreɪtəs (cell biology) An organelle that is comprised of... Read More

Endocytosis

Endocytosis Definition What is endocytosis in biology? Endocytosis is a cellular process by which a cell internalizes any... Read More

Biological Cell Introduction

It only takes one biological cell to create an organism. In fact, there are countless species of single-celled organisms,... Read More

Pinocytosis

Pinocytosis Definition What is pinocytosis?  Pinocytosis is the ingestion of extracellular fluids, i.e. the fluid... Read More

Austin disease

Definition noun A type of lysosomal storage disease that is often caused by a deficiency in multiple sulfatase enzymes, or... Read More

Intracellular digestion

Intracellular Digestion Definition What is intracellular digestion? ‘Intra’ means "inside" and ‘cellular’ pertains... Read More

Animal cell

An animal cell is the fundamental functional unit of life of animals. It is also the basic unit of reproduction. Animal... Read More

Lysozyme

Definition noun, plural: lysozymes A glycosidase that assists in the hydrolysis of glycosidic bond between N-acetyl muramic... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Phagocytosis

Definition noun The process of engulfing and ingestion of particles by the cell or a phagocyte (e.g. macrophage) to form a... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Autophagy

Definition noun A programmed cell death characterized by biochemical events leading to self-digestion through the... Read More

Cell Structure

The interior of the cell is divided into the nucleus and the cytoplasm. The nucleus is a spherical or oval-shaped structure... Read More

Golgi body

Definition noun plural: Golgi bodies (cell biology) Synonym: Golgi apparatus, i.e. the organelle that is comprised of... Read More

Sulfatide

Definition noun, plural: sulfatides A cerebroside sulfuric ester containing one or more sulfate groups in the sugar portion... Read More

Chromomere

Definition noun, plural: chromomeres (genetics) One of the beadlike granules that are arranged in a linear series along the... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Osteoclast

Definition noun, plural: osteoclasts (cytology) A type of bone cell that is large, multinucleated, and associated with bone... Read More

Glycosidase

Definition noun, plural: glycosidases (biochemistry) An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of a... Read More

Zymogen

Definition noun, plural: zymogens An inactive enzyme precursor that requires a biochemical change to become active or... Read More

Antigen

Antigen Definition What is an antigen? A simple definition is that an antigen refers to any substance that triggers an... Read More

Phagocyte

Definition noun, plural: phagocytes Any of the cells specialized in engulfing and destroying foreign particles, as well as... Read More

Steroid hormone

Definition noun, plural: steroid hormones A type of steroid that acts as a hormone, and that which is exemplified by sex... Read More

Dictyosome

Definition noun plural: dictyosomes (cell biology) Synonym: Golgi apparatus, i.e. the organelle that is comprised of... Read More

Apoptosis

Definition noun, plural: apoptoses A programmed cell death involving an ordered sequence of biochemical events that result... Read More

Vesicle

Definition noun, plural: vesicles (general) A small sac or cyst containing fluid or gas (cell biology) A bubble-like... Read More

Platelet

Definition noun, plural: platelets A discoid cellular fragment (2–3 µm diameter) important for blood coagulation and for... Read More

Eukaryote

Eukaryote refers to any of the single-celled or multicellular organisms whose cell contains a distinct, membrane-bound... Read More

Gout

Gout (Science: rheumatology) recurrent acute arthritis of peripheral joints caused by the accumulation of monosodium urate... Read More

Biological Cell Defense

Organisms must find a means of defense against antigens such a viruses described on the previous tutorial. If this was not... Read More