71 results found

Search Results for: metabolic pathway

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Metabolic pathway

Definition noun A series of chemical reactions catalyzed by enzymes and are connected by their intermediates, i.e. the... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Metabolism

Metabolism Definition What is metabolism in the body? Metabolism encompasses the various biochemical processes, reactions,... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

C4 plant

Carbon fixation is a process of taking carbon dioxide in order to synthesize sugar, such as glucose. Thus, carbon dioxide is... Read More

Pentose phosphate pathway

Definition noun (biochemistry) A glucose metabolic pathway in which five-carbon sugars (pentoses) and NADPH are synthesized... Read More

Monosaccharide

Monosaccharide Definition In biology and biochemistry, a monosaccharide is a simple sugar that constitutes the building... Read More

Hsk pathway

Definition noun An abbreviation for hatch slack kortshak pathway: a metabolic pathway first determined by Burr and Kortshak... Read More

Polyol

Definition noun plural: polyols pol•y•ol, ˈpɒlɪɒl A polyhydric alcohol, i.e. an alcohol containing three or more... Read More

Hatch-Slack pathway

Definition noun A metabolic pathway first delineated in depth by M. D. Hatch and C. R. Slack (in 1966). In this pathway, the... Read More

C4 carbon fixation pathway

Definition noun A metabolic pathway where CO2 is first added to phosphoenolpyruvate by the enzyme, PEP carboxylase,... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate Definition noun plural: adenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Pyruvic acid

What is Pyruvic Acid? Pyruvic acid is an organic acid that occurs as an intermediate in many metabolic processes. It occurs... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Homeostatic Mechanisms and Cellular Communication

Homeostasis is the relatively stable conditions of the internal environment that result from compensatory regulatory... Read More

Sorbitol

Definition noun plural: sorbitols sor·bi·tol, ˈsɔr bɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweet taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

C3 carbon fixation pathway

Definition noun A metabolic pathway where CO2 is converted to 3-phosphogylycerate, the first stable intermediate organic... Read More

Enzyme

An enzyme is a biomolecule that can be synthesized biologically (naturally occurring) or through other processes... Read More

Archaea

Archaea is a group of prokaryotic life forms distinct from bacteria forming a separate domain of life. They possess... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More

Dopamine

Definition noun, plural: dopamines 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (chemical formula: C8H11NO2); a neurotransmitter or a hormone... Read More

Catabolic pathway

Definition noun A sequence of degradative chemical reactions that break down complex molecules into smaller units, usually... Read More

Glyceraldehyde phosphate

Definition noun A phosphate ester of the 3-carbon sugar glyceraldehyde and has chemical formula:... Read More

Anabolic pathway

Definition noun The series of chemical reactions that constructs or synthesizes molecules from smaller units, usually... Read More

Feedforward control

Feedforward control The process in which one of the products of a metabolic Pathway induces an enzyme which participates in... Read More

Anaerobic respiration

Anaerobic Respiration Definition What is anaerobic respiration? Anaerobic (cellular) respiration is a respiratory process... Read More

Actions of Caffeine in the Brain with Special Reference to Factors That Contribute to Its Widespread Use

IV. Actions of Caffeine on Brain Functions and Behavior Having discussed the molecular and neuronal actions of caffeine,... Read More

Mitochondrion

Mitochondrion Definition What are mitochondria? The term “mitochondrion” comes from the two words of the Greek... Read More

Pinocytosis

Pinocytosis Definition What is pinocytosis?  Pinocytosis is the ingestion of extracellular fluids, i.e. the fluid... Read More

Ribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: ribonucleotides ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌraɪbəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A form of nucleotide in... Read More

Chitin

Definition noun plural: chitin chi·tin, ˈkaɪtɪn (1) A polymer of nitrogen-containing polysaccharide (C8H13O5N)n... Read More