28 results found

Search Results for: peptide hormone

Principles of Hormonal Control Systems

Hormones are chemical messengers that enter the blood directly upon their secretion from endocrine glands. A single gland or... Read More

Hormone Production

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Hormones are chemical messengers produced by glands in the endocrine system.... Read More

Peptide

Definition noun, plural: peptides A compound consisting of amino acids connected by an amide bond Supplement Peptides are... Read More

Peptide hormone

'''peptide hormone peptide hormones are a class of peptides that are secreted into the blood stream and have endocrine... Read More

Prolactin

Definition noun, plural: prolactins A peptide hormone secreted by lactotropic cell in the anterior pituitary of vertebrates,... Read More

Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

Organic Metabolism Events of Absorptive and Post-absorptive States. The absorptive state is the period during which... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Vasopressin

Definition noun, plural: vasopressins An antidiuretic peptide hormone produced by the magnocellular and the parvocellular... Read More

Prolactin-releasing hormone

Definition noun, plural: prolactin-releasing hormones A polypeptide hormone originating in the hypothalamus, and whose... Read More

Melanocyte-stimulating hormone

Definition noun, plural: melanocyte-stimulating hormones A peptide hormone in vertebrates that primarily regulate melanin... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

Lipotropin

Definition noun, plural: lipotropins A polypeptide hormone of the anterior pituitary gland, presumably acts by promoting fat... Read More

Oxytocin

Definition noun, plural: oxytocins An antidiuretic peptide hormone (chemical formula: C46H66N12O12S2) produced chiefly by... Read More

Diaphoresis

What is Diaphoresis? Diaphoresis is referred to excessive or profuse perspiration or sweating which may be due to... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

Atrial natriuretic hormone

Definition noun A peptide hormone released by the atrial heart muscle cells in response to atrial distention, hypertension,... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Autocrine signaling

Autocrine Signaling Definition What is autocrine signaling? Autocrine signaling is a type of cell signaling wherein a cell... Read More

Gastrin

Polypeptide hormone secreted by the mucous lining of the stomach; induces the secretion of gastric juice.A hormone produced... Read More

Insulin

Definition noun A polypeptide hormone secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas to regulate the... Read More

Glucagon

Definition noun A peptide hormone (3485 D) produced by the alpha cells of the pancreas, and acts by stimulating the... Read More

Metabolite

Definition noun, plural: metabolites A substance that is a product of metabolic action or that is involved in a metabolic... Read More

Micromolecule

Micromolecules Definition How to define micromolecule? Micromolecules are relatively small molecules that are combined... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Speract

speract sea urchin peptide hormone, from the jelly coat of the eggs of the sea urchins Strongylocentrotus purpuratus and... Read More

Saccharide

Saccharide Definition What is a saccharide molecule? A saccharide is the unit structure of carbohydrates. In biochemistry,... Read More

Digestion and Absorption of Food

The gastrointestinal (GI) system includes the gastrointestinal tract (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine,... Read More