18 results found

Search Results for: phenylalanine

Phenylalanine

phenylalanine (Science: amino acid) One of the amino acids which the body cannot manufacture itself, but must acquire from... Read More

Genetic Mutations

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Genetic Mutations Genetic mutations are inherited variations in an... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Polygenic inheritance

Polygenic inheritance refers to the kind of inheritance in which the trait is produced from the cumulative effects of many... Read More

Dopamine

Definition noun, plural: dopamines 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (chemical formula: C8H11NO2); a neurotransmitter or a hormone... Read More

Pleiotropy

Pleiotropy Definition When one single gene starts affecting multiple traits of living organisms, this phenomenon is known... Read More

Pentapeptide

Definition noun, plural: pentapeptides A peptide containing five amino acids Supplement Peptides are biomolecules that are... Read More

Aspartame

Definition noun An artificial sweetener formed from aspartic acid that is commercially available as a low-calorie sugar... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Fumarate

Fumarate (Science: biochemistry) a dicarboxylic acid intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Can be derived from... Read More

Providencia alcalifaciens

Definition noun One of the clinically important species of the genus Providencia isolated chiefly from infections of the... Read More

Alanine

What is alanine? Alanine is a non-essential amino acid. There are two types of amino acids for mammals namely essential and... Read More

Aspartate

Aspartate (Science: amino acid) a nonessential amino acid that plays a critical part of the enzyme in the liver that... Read More

Organic catalyst

Definition noun, plural: organic catalysts Any organic compound that functions as a catalyst. Supplement Examples of these... Read More

Providencia rettgeri

Definition noun Species of the genus Providencia frequently associated with hospital-acquired infections of the urinary... Read More

Amino acid

Definition noun, plural: amino acids (1) A molecule consisting of the basic amino group (NH2), the acidic carboxylic group... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Tyrosine

tyrosine (Science: amino acid) One of the twenty amino acids directly coded in proteins. Nonessential in humans since can be... Read More