15 results found

Search Results for: phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Ligase

An enzyme is a catalyst or a chemical produced by cells to speed up a biochemical reaction. It is usually a protein molecule... Read More

Nick

Definition noun, plural: nicks (molecular biology) A cut or a notch in a DNA molecule due to a break in one phosphodiester... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Nuclease

Definition noun, plural: nucleases An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of nucleic acids to oligonucleotides or... Read More

Deoxyribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: deoxyribonucleotides de·ox·y·ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, diˌɒk... Read More

Sugar-phosphate backbone

Definition noun A structural component of DNA that consists of 5-deoxyribose sugars and phosphate groups involved in... Read More

Nuclease S1

Definition noun An endonuclease enzyme capable of degrading single-stranded DNA and RNA Supplement The nuclease S1 is a... Read More

Phosphate group

Definition noun, plural: phosphate groups (biochemistry) A functional group or radical comprised of phosphorus attached to... Read More

Cleavage site

Definition noun, plural: restriction sites The site in a polynucleotide chain as to where the restriction enzyme cleaves... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Polynucleotide

Definition noun plural: polynucleotides pol·y·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌpɒlɪˈno͞o′klē-ə-tīd A biopolymer comprised of... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More

Nucleobase

Definition noun plural: nucleobases (biochemistry) The base in the nucleic acid, e.g. purines and pyrimidines Details ... Read More

Gene

A gene is the fundamental, physical, and functional unit of heredity. The genes make up the sequences of DNA (genotypes).... Read More