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Search Results for: side effects

Actions of Caffeine in the Brain with Special Reference to Factors That Contribute to Its Widespread Use

IV. Actions of Caffeine on Brain Functions and Behavior Having discussed the molecular and neuronal actions of caffeine,... Read More

Side effects

side effects problems that occur when treatment adversley affects healthy cells. Common side effects of cancer treatment are... Read More

Synergistic effect

Synergistic Effects Definition Synergistic effects (biology definition): the effects when chemical substances or biological... Read More

Hyperosmotic

Hyperosmotic Definition What is hyperosmotic? The word hyperosmotic is derived from two Greek words: 'hyper', meaning... Read More

Pleiotropy

Pleiotropy Definition When one single gene starts affecting multiple traits of living organisms, this phenomenon is known... Read More

photobiology

Photobiology Definition Photobiology, the biology of light, is a subdiscipline in biology. It focuses on the effects of... Read More

Growth and Plant Hormones

Growth All living organisms begin in the same form: as a single cell. That cell will divide and the resulting cells will... Read More

Pharmacology

Definition noun The branch in medicine that deals with the study of drugs, especially their action, use, preparation, and... Read More

Interspecific competition

Interspecific Competition Definition In Biology, competition is defined as the process that occurs among species that have... Read More

Isomalt

Definition noun i·so·malt, ˈaɪ sə mɔlt A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols: glucose-mannitol and... Read More

Bacteria

Bacteria Definition What are bacteria? What is the definition of bacteria in biology? Bacteria are defined as organisms... Read More

Hydrophilic

Hydrophilic Definition What does a hydrophile (or hydrophilic molecule) mean? If a molecule is “water-loving”, it is... Read More

Branches of biology

Branches of Biology Biology, the scientific study of life, includes several relevant branches. Below is a list of major... Read More

Analgesic

Definition noun, plural: analgesics (pharmacology) A drug used to relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness; the... Read More

Biology

Biology Definition Biology is the branch of science that primarily deals with the structure, function, growth, evolution,... Read More

Additive genes

Definition noun Genes that code for the same function or trait and their effects work together on the... Read More

Mannitol

Definition noun plural: mannitols man·ni·tol, ˈmæn ɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweetish taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

Effect of Chemicals on Growth & Development in Organisms

Plants Plants require a large number of elements to function properly, mainly carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, essentially... Read More

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Steroid

Definition noun, plural: steroids Any of the group of fat-soluble organic compounds containing four rings arranged in a... Read More

Dominant

Dominant Definition The word dominant or dominant trait is commonly used in biology. The general meaning of dominant is to... Read More

Fructooligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: fructooligosaccharides fruc·to·ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ɪhɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd An... Read More

Quinine

Definition noun (pharmacology) A bitter, crystalline, alkaloid powder extracted from Cinchona bark used for medical purposes... Read More

Independent variable

Independent Variable Definition To define an independent variable, let us first understand what a variable is. The word... Read More

photomedicine

Photomedicine Definition Photomedicine is a branch of medicine that specializes in the therapeutic application of light. As... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Substrate

Substrate Definition What is a "substrate"? The underlying substances or layers are termed as substrate. The definitions of... Read More

Multiple alleles

Alleles are the pairs of genes occupying a specific spot called locus on a chromosome. Typically, there are only two alleles... Read More

Genetic diversity

Genetic Diversity Definition Each species is composed of individuals with their own set of genes. A gene is the inheritance... Read More

Biomolecule β-Hydroxybutyrate – key to vascular youth?

One of the hallmarks of old age is vascular aging. Researchers found that a biomolecule, β-Hydroxybutyrate (BHB), can serve... Read More

Parasympathetic nervous system

Definition noun A division of the (vertebrate) autonomic nervous system whose physiological effects are mostly in opposition... Read More

Sex steroid

Definition noun, plural: sex steroids A steroid hormone that when bound to specific sex hormone receptor becomes active and... Read More

Polygenic inheritance

Polygenic inheritance refers to the kind of inheritance in which the trait is produced from the cumulative effects of many... Read More

First Video Proof That Could Explain Antibiotic-Resistant Superbug Bacteria

Amidst the battle for supremacy, our army of immune cells relentlessly wages war against various pathogens, especially... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Dopamine

Definition noun, plural: dopamines 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (chemical formula: C8H11NO2); a neurotransmitter or a hormone... Read More

Overdominance

Definition noun (genetics) A type of dominance characterized by a phenotype that is more pronounced in a heterozygote... Read More

Oxytocin

Definition noun, plural: oxytocins An antidiuretic peptide hormone (chemical formula: C46H66N12O12S2) produced chiefly by... Read More

Fragmentation

Fragmentation Definition What is fragmentation? In general, fragmentation refers to the state or the process of breaking... Read More

Physical Development in Humans

The Newly Born Child Depending on the nutrients available to the child within pregnancy and the genetic makeup of the... Read More