90 results found

Search Results for: small intestine

Alimentary canal

Definition of Alimentary canal What is the alimentary canal? The alimentary canal is a muscular hollow continuous tubular... Read More

Small intestine

small intestine (Science: anatomy, gastroenterology) The small intestine is composed of three sections: duodenum, jejunum... Read More

Assimilation

Assimilation Definition Assimilation in biology is referred to as the process in which the living organisms integrate the... Read More

Polysaccharide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Polysaccharide Definition noun plural: polysaccharides pol·y·sac·cha·ride,... Read More

Sorbitol

Definition noun plural: sorbitols sor·bi·tol, ˈsɔr bɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweet taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

Intestine

Definition noun, plural: intestines (1) The segment of the alimentary canal, starting from the pylorus of stomach to the... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Starch

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Starch Definition noun plural: starch, starches starch, stɑɹtʃ A... Read More

Absorption

Definition noun, plural: absorptions The process of absorbing or assimilating substances into cells or across the tissues... Read More

Human milk oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: human milk oligosaccharides An oligosaccharide that occurs in high concentrations and exclusively... Read More

Monosaccharide

Definition noun plural: monosaccharides mon·o·sac·cha·ride, ˈmɒ.nəʊˈsæk.ə.ɹaɪd (biochemistry) A simple... Read More

Lactose

Definition noun plural: lactoses lac·tose, ˈlæk.toʊs A disaccharide (chemical formula: C12H22O11) made up of one... Read More

Ganglia

Ganglia Definition What are ganglia? To simply define ganglia in biology, it is the structure of an oval shape that... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Simple squamous epithelium

Simple Squamous Epithelium Definition Simple squamous epithelium, also known as simple squamous epithelial tissue or... Read More

Caecum

Definition noun, plural: caeca (anatomy) A blind pouch-like commencement of the colon in the right lower quadrant of the... Read More

Digestive system

Definition noun A system of organs in which the major function is to convert food into simpler, absorbable nutriments to... Read More

Duodenum

Duodenum (Science: anatomy) The first or proximal portion of the small intestine, extending from the pylorus to the jejunum,... Read More

Lactase

Definition noun, plural: lactases An enzyme that catalyze the hydrolysis and subsequently the breakdown of lactose into... Read More

Chyle

Definition noun, plural: chyles A body fluid in the small intestine, containing mainly of emulsified fats and aids in the... Read More

Ileum

Definition noun, plural: ilea The terminal (or distal) portion of the small intestine, characterized by narrower diameter,... Read More

Chylomicron

Definition noun, plural: chylomicrons Any of the lipoprotein particles found in blood and lymph that is associated with the... Read More

How Celiac Disease Affects The Digestive System

Celiac disease is a condition that affects the digestive systems of many individuals all over the world, and in this... Read More

Absorptive cells of intestine

Absorptive cells of intestine cells on the surface of villi of the small intestine and the luminal surface of the large... Read More

Feces

Definition noun The excrement discharged from the intestines Supplement Feces are excrements that contain digested waste... Read More

Trichuris trichiura

Definition noun Human whipworm species of the family Trichuridae Supplement Whipworms are a group of helminths together with... Read More

Alimentary tract

Definition noun The digestive tract where food (bolus) passes through so that the nutriment is digested and absorbed into... Read More

Maltose

Definition noun plural: maltoses mal·tose, ˈmɔːltəʊz A reducing disaccharide formed when two glucose monomers join... Read More

Disaccharide

Definition noun plural: disaccharides di·sac·cha·ride, daɪˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A (carbohydrate) composed of... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Carbohydrate

Definition noun plural: carbohydrates car·bo·hy·drate, kɑːbəʊˈhaɪdɹeɪt Any of the group of organic compounds... Read More

Microvillus

Definition noun, plural: microvilli Any of the minute hairlike structures projecting from the exposed surface of the cell in... Read More

Facilitated diffusion

Facilitated diffusion is the transport of substances across a biological membrane from an area of higher concentration to an... Read More

Fructooligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: fructooligosaccharides fruc·to·ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ɪhɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd An... Read More

Gastrointestinal tract

Definition noun The portion of the alimentary canal from the stomach to the intestines Supplement Some references consider... Read More

Intestinum tenue mesenteriale

Intestinum tenue mesenteriale The freely movable portion of the small intestine supplied with a mesentery, comprising the... Read More

Isomaltose

Definition noun plural: isomaltoses i·so·mal·tose, aɪsoʊˈmɔːltəʊz A disaccharide formed from the combination of... Read More